Due to the Mutiny act passed in by British parliament that same year all black soldiers who were recruited as slaves in the WIR where freed. Later in the Abolition Act ceased all trading of slaves to be declared unlawful. Then by the end of the Napoleonic wars in and the reduction the WIR depot was to be closed. In there were 12 battalion sized regiments with this title. The numbers started reducing after to the end of the nineteenth century there were never less than two WIR West Indian Regiments.
By these were merged to create a single regiment comprising two battalions.
Unit History: West India Regiment
A third battalion was raised in , but was later disbanded in By early , the British Colonial Office and War Office, despite their differences on allowing blacks into the British Army, agreed that Britain needed reinforcement from the colonies. With the support of King George V, in April , a West Indian contingent was formed from colonial volunteers who had enlisted. Although the BWIR had 12 battalions, all commanding officers in the regiment were required to be white, and blacks and other men of color did not rise above the rank of sergeant.
By the time the regiment was sent to the front lines in March , the British Army was already engaged in war in Africa, Europe, and the Mediterranean. Black soldiers were rarely given combat assignments, but when given the opportunity to fight, they performed as well as white soldiers. Fitzpatrick, and addressed to Major-General Campbell, commanding in Jamaica, the receipt of his letter concerning the disbandment of the provincial troops in the island is acknowledged, and the removal of " the blacks of the South Carolina Regiment" to the Leeward command approved of.
Return of His Majesty's Forces in the Leeward and Charibee Islands, under the command of Lieutenant-General Edward Mathew," we find them formed into a corps, with a body of black artificers, who had served in South Carolina at the sieges of Charlestown and Ninety-six, and thirty-three black pioneers who had been included in the surrender of Yorktown. Officers Effective Rank an IFile.
US Grenada. Vincent Capt. Artificers, it may be as well to observe, were sappers and miners. The Royal Engineers at about this date con- sisted of various companies of Artificers ; later on they were called Sappers and Miners; and, finally, Royal Engineers.
Slaves in red coats: The West India Regiment | National Army Museum
In February, , all three companies of the "Black Corps of Dragoons, Pioneers, and Artificers" were stationed in Grenada, and from that date until June, , they are shown in every monthly return, with a strength varying from to , and an increase of four first lieutenants. In February, , the news of the French declaration of war was received in the West Indies, and orders were soon after transmitted from England to the Commander-in-Chief in the Windward and Leeward Islands to attempt the reduc- tion of the French islands.
Tobago was taken on the 17th of April without much trouble, the majority of the planters in that island being English ; and an attack on Martinique was next meditated. The whole of the British force in the West Indies was known and acknowledged to be inadequate to the reduction of that island ; but such representations had 54 THE HISTORY OF been spread throughout the army, concerning the disaffection of the greater part of the inhabitants of all the French islands towards the Republican Government lately established, as to create a very general belief that the appearance of a British armament before the capital of Martinique would alone pro- duce an immediate surrender.
Major- General Bruce, on whom the chief command of the troops had devolved, was assured by a deputation from the principal planters of the island that "a body of regular troops would be more than sufficient to overcome all possible resistance. There the general met the officer commanding the French Royahsts, and, as the latter proposed an attack upon the town of St. Pierre, the 2ist Regiment was landed at Cape Navire on the 14th, and there posted, to enable the Royalists to concentrate in the neighbourhood of St.
Pierre, where the remainder of the British force joined them on the i6th. An attack on the two batteries which defended St. Pierre was planned for the morning of the i8th, but failed, owing to the want of discipline on the part of the Royalists.
Major-General Bruce says: "The morning of the 1 8th was the time fixed for the attack, and we were to move forward in two columns, the one consisting of the British troops, the other of the French Royalists ; and for this purpose the troops were put in motion before day- break; but, unfortunately, some alarm having taken place amongst the Royalists, they began, in a mistake, firing on one another, and their commander being severely wounded on the occasion, the whole body, refusing to submit to any of the other officers, retired to the post from which they had marched.
Pierre, if carried out at all, would have to be done by the British troops alone, whose numbers were not equal to the task. He, consequently, ordered the troops to return to their former positions, and on the 19th they re-embarked. It may be wondered whence came the Black Carolina Corps mentioned by Major-General Bruce, but it is evident that by that designation the Black Corps of Dragoons, Pioneers, and Artificers was locally known ; for in the monthly return, dated May rst, , the "state" of the corps is headed, " Return of the Black Carolina Corps," and the title, " Black Corps of Dragoons, Pioneers, and Artificers" ceases, from that date, to be used in any official document.
The strength of the corps in that return is of all ranks. The troops from the various islands— and amongst them all three companies of that corps— were collected at Barbados during the remainder of January, and, on the 4th of February, the expeditionary force, strong, set sail from Carlisle Bay. The army, in three divisions, landed at three separate points in Martinique; the first at Gallion Bay, on the northern side of the island, on the evening of the sth of February ; the second at Cape Navire, nearly opposite on the south, on the Sth of February; and the third at Trois Rivieres, towards the south-east.
The services of the Black Carolina Corps up to that date are not known in detail, but the return of killed and wounded shows the Dragoons as having had one rank and file killed. On the 20th of February, Forts Bourbon and Fort Royal were completely invested, and the pioneers and artificers of the Carolina Corps were busily engaged on the siege works. On the north-east side the army broke ground on the 25th of February ; and on the western side, towards La Caste, fascine batteries were erected with all possible expedition. By the i6th of March, the advanced batteries were pushed to within yards of Fort Bourbon, and yards of the enemy's nearest redoubt.
The terms were accordingly adjusted on the 23rd, and on the 25th, the garrison, reduced to men, marched out prisoners of war. Martinique being now entirely conquered, Sir Charles Grey left there, as a garrison under General Prescott, five regiments, and one company of the Carolina Corps ; and proceeded, on the 31st of March, with the remainder of the force to the attack of St. The 6th and 9th Regiments, with a company of the Carolina Corps, being left as a garrison for St. The eastern island, or division, which is flat and low-lying, is called Grandeterre ; while the western, which is rugged and mountainous, is named Basseterre.
On the 8th of April, the troops, with the remaining company of the Carolina Corps, sailed from Fort Royal, Martinique ; and, about one o'clock in the morning of the iithj a landing was effected at Grosier Bay. Fort St. Louis, the town of Point a Pitre, and a new battery upon Islet a Cochon being afterwards aban- doned, the possession of Grandeterre was complete. The British, however, were not permitted to remain long in peaceable possession of their most recent conquest ; for on the 3rd of June, a considerable French armament arrived off Point a Pitre.
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Several prisoners were taken by the French, and amongst them were some of the Carolina Corps,, for in the return of that corps for February, , dated March ist, there is the following note: "Some of the corps are prisoners at Point a Pitre, but their number cannot be ascertained. On the 2nd of July, the British made an ineffectual attempt to recover Point a Pitre, and soon after established their head-quarters at Berville, in Basseterre.
The camp at Berville was invested in September, and on the 6th of October it was compelled to capitulate. Thus the whole of Guadaloupe, with the exception of Fort Matilda, situated above the town of Basseterre, and which was still held by a British garrison, was recovered by the French. At the surrender of Berville, French Royalists, who were in the British camp, were massacred by the orders of Victor Hugues, the French commander.
The fort was commanded by Lieutenant-General Prescott with a garrison of men, including the company of the Carolina Corps which had come to Guadaloupe. General Prescott, in his despatch, dated "On board H. Van- guard, at sea, December nth, ," says: "To enter into a minute detail of the siege, which commenced on the 14th of October, and terminated by evacuating it on the loth of December, would not only too much occupy your time, but might be deemed equally unnecessary. It may be suffi- cient to remark that on entering the fort I found it totally out of repair, the materials composing the wall-work thereof being of the worst kind, and having apparently but little lime to cement them properly.
By the middle of last month the works were very much injured by the daily and frequent heavy fire of the enemy, and almost all the carriages of our guns rendered useless. These were in general in a very decayed state, but even the new ones for the brass mortars that were made during the siege gave way from the almost incessant fire we kept up ; so that upon the whole, what from the nature of our defences and the small number of our garrison, we were in a very unfit state to resist the very vigorous exertions of our enemy, who- began to prepare additional forces about the 20th of last month, but who, from a number of causes, and especially from heavy and continued rains, could not open their new batteries till the 6th of this month.
The fire was very heavy and continued all day and night, and by it all the guns on the Gallion bastion were dismountedj and the bastion itself a heap of ruins. Every day after this grew worse until the 9th, on the evening of which day I went into the ditch accompanied by the engineer, when we were both but too well convinced of the tottering state of the works from the Gallion along the curtain, and indeed the whole, from the east to the north-east.
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I could not hesitate a moment about the necessity of evacuating the fort. I therefore sent off immediately to Rear-Admiral Thompson, who commanded the detachment of the squadron left for our protection, to acquaint him with the necessity of evacuating the fort next evening, and to request that he would have the boats ready to take off the garrison at seven o'clock. I kept this my design a profound secret until half-past six o'clock of the evening of the loth, when I arranged the march of the garrison.
The embarkation continued with little or no interruption, and was happily completed about ten o'clock at night, without its being discovered by the enemy, who continued firing as usual on the fort till two or three o'clock on the morning of the nth, as we could plainly perceive from the ships.
My satisfaction was great at having thus preserved my brave garrison to their king and country. During the siege of Fort Matilda, the Carolina Corps lost I killed and 3 wounded, 2 of whom afterwards died of their wounds. In the " State of the Garrison of Fort Matilda, as embarked on the loth of December, ," the strength of the company of the Carolina Corps is shown as I captain, i lieutenant, 4 sergeants, and 30 rank and file.
After the evacuation, this company was stationed at Martinique; so that at the close of the year , two companies were in that island, and one in St. In the commencement of the year S, a new corps was raised in the West Indies, which was sometimes called Malcolm's Corps, sometimes Malcolm's Rangers, and at others the Royal Rangers. Commissioned Effective Rank and File. In Hospital. In Quarters. Pierre, Martinique, in "in consideration of his distinguished conduct and active services at the head of a body of riflemen, which was com- posed of two men selected from each company of the ist Battalion of Grenadiers.
We shall have occasion to mention this officer afterwards. The corps of riflemen is not shown in any return, and it is probable that at the ter- mination of the active operations the men rejoined their respective battalions. The Royal Rangers, shown in the return of the ist of May, , were black; for Sir John Vaughan, in a letter dated Martinique, April 25th, S, which gives an account of the operations in St. Lucia in that month, says : " The flank companies of the 9th Regiment and the black corps under Captain Malcolm were the troops engaged.
Lucia, and the other company, strong, in Martinique. Victor Hugues, having succeeded in ousting the British from Guadaloupe, commenced, early in S, active measures for the recovery of the other islands that had been wrested from France in the previous year, and the plan which was first ripened appears to have been that against St. Nor can the strength of the invading force be now ascertained. That force was probably few in number, and stolen into the island in small bodies, and under cover of the night. Aided, however, by an insurrection of the slaves, people of colour, and democratical whites, it was sufficient to wrest from us the whole of the colony, with the exception of the two posts of the Carenage and the Morne Fortune.
General Stewart ad- vanced against Souffriere. Undismayed, however, by their recent defeats, the Republicans had collected together a very formidable force, for the defence of their main position. On his march, the British general was suddenly attacked by a division which had been placed in ambush, and it was not till after a severe struggle that the enemy were driven back. The flank companies of the 9th Regiment, and the Black Corps under Captain Malcolm, were the troops engaged.
The enemy, after a severe conflict, were driven back. Captain Malcolm, and Captain Nesbitt of the 9th, were wounded, after behaving in a most gallant manner. The contest continued warmly for seven hours, and though the greatest exertions were made by the British, they were finally compelled to retreat to Choiseul, with a loss of 30 killed, wounded, and S missing.
Two months passed away without the occurrence of any event worthy of notice. Sickness, in the meantime, was making great ravages amongst the British, one-half of whose force was generally unfit for service. The enemy, on the other hand, were daily gaining fresh accession of strength. From Guadaloupe arms and other supplies were frequently transmitted ; and though some of the vessels fell into the hands of the British cruisers, many more of them reached their destination in safety.
Royal Rangers — i sergeant, 5 rank and file, wounded. Royal Rangers — 2 rank and file, killed; i sergeant, 4 rank and file, wounded. Royal Rangers — 6 rank and file, killed ; i captain, i sergeant, and 18 rank and file, wounded. Carolina Corps — i rank and file, wounded. Royal Rangers — 4 rank and file, killed ; 5 rank and file, wounded.
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Names of the Officers killed and wounded. Captain Robert Malcolm, of the Royal Rangers, wounded. They first reduced Pigeon Island, and, on the 17th of June, made themselves masters of the Vigie. On this last post the communication between the Carenage and Morne Fortune depended, and the enemy now prepared for a general assault upon the latter.
As, in the weak condition of the garrison, it would have been imprudent to await the meditated attack, Brigadier-General Stewart determined to evacuate the position ; and, on the evening of the i8th, the whole of the troops embarked on board H. Experiment, undiscovered by the enemy, and proceeded to Martinique.
Some little time before the arrival, at Martinique, of the company of Malcolm's Rangers from St. Lucia, the company of that corps which had remained in the former island had been despatched, with the 3rd Battalion of the 60th Regiment, to St. Since the month of March, S, that island had been devastated by a war between the Caribs, assisted by the French, and the British garrison.
Vincent from Martinique, to satisfy himself as to the state and military wants of the colony ; and, finding the enemy strongly posted within a short distance of the town of Kingston itself, immediately on his return to Martinique despatched the above-mentioned reinforcement, which arrived at St. Vincent in the beginning of June. Lieutenant-Colonel Leighton, commanding the troops in St. Vincent, on being reinforced, determined to carry into execution a long meditated attack upon the Vigie. Vincent Rangers, almost all the southern and windward regiments of the militia, and a small party of artillery.
At Warawarrow River the troops were divided into three columns ; and the third was further divided into small bodies to hold the passes at Calder Ridge, and prevent the escape of the enemy. Just before daybreak, the westernmost redoubt, which overlooked the road coming from Kingston, was attacked and carried almost without opposition, the enemy retiring to their principal stronghold. At the upper end of the road a deep trench had been dug, which obstacle for some little time delayed the guns ; but, by great exertions they were lifted up a bank eight or ten feet in height, and then opened fire.
For some time the enemy returned the British fire with great spirit. About eight o'clock, however, they beat a parley, and sent out a flag of truce to propose terms, which were refused. The troops were now led to the assault, and in a short time carried the works, which were defended by the French from Guadaloupe, the Caribs having retired early in the morning, and escaped to the windward portion of the island.
In the redoubts were taken three four-pounders and sixteen or seventeen swivels. At the close of the action, Malcolm's and the St. Vincent Rangers were sent out to scour the valley of Marriaqua, and destroy the huts of the Caribs. This service they effectually accomplished before nightfall, having killed and taken prisoners many of the fugitives, and driven the remainder into Massirica. So little opposition was made to their march, the enemy constantly falling back from ridge to ridge, that on the afternoon of the i6th they reached Mount Young, from which the Caribs fled with such haste that they left standing their houses, in all of which considerable quantities of corn were found.
This carelessness of the enemy provided the British with a very welcome shelter. It was fortunate, also, that they had not attempted to dispute the hills and passes ; for, had they done so, the troops would have suffered greatly, seven men, even as it was, having expired on the march from fatigue alone. As soon as Mount Young was in our possession, the troops were busily employed in spreading devastation through the Carib district.
In Grand Sable and other parts of the country, many houses were burned, and more than pettiaugres and canoes destroyed. Several hundred slaves were also sent out, under the protection of military detachments, to dig up and destroy the provisions of the enemy. On the 4th of July, a detachment of the 46th and Malcolm's Rangers took, after a sharp action, the enemy's post at Chateaubellair, near Walliabon, with a loss of 14 killed and 39 wounded of the 46th, and 2 killed and several wounded of Malcolm's. The evacuation of St. Lucia by Brigadier-General Stewart was, however, as far as St.
The proximity of the former island enabled the French unceasingly to pour in new reinforce- ments to their Carib allies in St. Vincent ; and, towards the end of August, a small British post which had been established a. Lucia, and the whole of the guns and large quantities of supplies captured. Encouraged by this success, Victor Hugues resolved to endeavour to wrest St. Vincent from the British, as he had already wrested Guadaloupe and St. Lucia ; and, in the middle of September, he landed in St. Lucia with a force of some men. These, embarked in four vessels, which escaped the Thorn and Experiment, the British ships of war on the station, landed at Owia Bay, St.
Vincent, on the morning of the i8th of September; and the force of the enemy was now so vastly superior to that of the British, that it became impossible for the latter to retain their advanced positions. Orders were at once sent to Lieutenant- Colonel Leigh ton to abandon Mount Young without delay, and retire to the vicinity of Kingston. They were carried into execution on the night of the 19th. Having destroyed their supplies and left their lights burning in their huts as usual, to deceive the enemy, the troops were silently put in motion.
They reached Biabou the next evening, and, bringing in the detachment which was there quartered, reached Zion Hill on the 21st; being then distributed among the posts in the neighbourhood. The detachment of the 6oth at the latter post being short of supplies, Lieutenant-Colonel Ritche, of the 6oth, with of that corps and of the St.
Vincent Rangers, was detached to escort the necessary stores. His division had nearly reached its destination when it fell in with the enemy ; a sharp action ensued, victory was on the eve of declaring for the British, when, struck by an unaccountable panic, they suddenly gave way and fled in all directions. The supplies fell into the hands of the enemy, and a number of the mules were killed. The news of this terrible disaster spread dismay through Kingston, for it was thought that the enemy would at once attack all the British posts.
It was resolved to at once abandon the Vigie ; and to facilitate this step, Brigadier- General Myersj with the 46th and Malcolm's Rangers, marched from Dorsetshire Hill, and posted himself opposite the enemy, as if threatening an attack. This movement had the desired effect. The enemy called in all the detachments which invested the Vigie, and thus enabled the officer com- manding that post to retreat at night through heavy rain to Calliaqua, and thence proceed to Kingston in boats.
Vincent Rangers were at once drafted. Major-General Irving also came over from Martinique to assume the command. The first effect produced by the arrival of this succour, was the retiring of the enemy from their advanced position on Fairbairn's Ridge to the Vigie, where they now collected the whole of their strength.
From this post Major-General Irving determined to dislodge them ; and, on the night of the 1st of October, the troops marched for that purpose. One column, consisting of men, under Lieutenant-Colonel Strutt, marched by the high road and took post upon Calder Ridge, on the east of the Vigie, about three in the morning. A second column, consisting of men, under Brigadier- General Myers, crossed the Warawarrow River, and detached one party to proceed round by Calliaqua, and another to move up the valley, and climb the heights near Joseph Dubuc's.
With this last force was Malcolm's Corps ; and, to gain the point to which they were directed, it was neces- sary to cross a deep rivulet and ascend a steep hill covered with bushes and wood. In doing this it suffered a heavy loss, both of officers and men, from the enemy, who fired upon it almost in security under shelter of the bushes.
During the ascent of the hill, Malcolm's Corps lost one man killed and two wounded.
In the meantime, the remainder of the second column were struggling in vain to reach the summit of the same ridge ; at a point where the enemy had strongly occupied a thick wood, and thrown up a small work. Though the opposing forces were within fifty paces of each other, not an inch of ground was won on either side. Firing commenced at seven in the morning, and was kept up till nightfall. All this time the British were exposed to a violent tropical downpour of rain, which rendered the abrupt declivity so slippery that it was almost impossible to maintain a foothold on it ; and, finding he could make no impression on the enemy, the general, about 7 p.
They continued their retreat till they reached the windward part of the island, and the British in their turn advanced. For the remainder of the year, the troops were employed in circum- scribing, within as narrow limits as possible, the French and their Carib allies ; and, though great hardships were endured, no engagement worthy of note took place. There were already several black corps in existence, for Mr. The five black regiments, now proposed to be raised, were to be in addition to those small black corps already in Imperial pay, and which were to be blended into three permanent regiments.
Consequently, in the Army List dated March nth, , showing the state of the army in ,- - we find the following eight corps, indexed under the heading of " Regiments raised to serve in the West Indies:" Whyte's Regiment of Foot Carolina and Malcolm's Corps. Vincent Rangers. Vincent consists at present of a regiment of infantry and a company of artillery, sent from England ; and a black corps raised in the country, but provided for, with the former, on the British Establishment, and receiving no additional pay from the island. On the 20th of May, Major Leeds Booth, from the 32nd Foot, was appointed lieutenant-colonel ; and other officers were rapidly gazetted to it.
The following is the list of officers appointed to the regiment in : Major-General Whyte's Regiment of Foot. Rank in the Regt.
James Abercrombie. William Powell Aug. I, Lieuts. James Stewart James Sutherland.. Name, Lieuts. Andrew Coghlan Henry Goodinge Thos. Atkins John Egan James Reed Cornet W. Darley Rank in the Regt. I, s Sept.
British West Indian Regiment (BWIR), The (1915-1918)
Roberts Oct. August I, s Lieutenant — Powell, from the 8tli Foot, to be Lieu- tenant of Cavalry. August But this idea was soon abandoned, and in the cavalry troop disappeared. Officers Present. Whyte's Brig. Myers' Martinico Martinico Total. Lucia at the end of April, When the remainder of the corps can be collected together, it is possible a few more may be found fit for service. In the " Muster Roll of His Majesty's ist West India Regiment of Foot, for days, from the 25th of June to the 24th of December, , inclusive," the list of officers is given as already shown.
Captain James Abercrombie, Lieutenants David Butler, Benjamin Chadwick, and James Sutherland are shown as "drowned on passage," and the following note is added : " Some few of the dates of enlist- ments and enrolments of the non-commissioned officers and drummers may not probably be quite exact, and some others may have been engaged in England not down on the muster roll, all the regimental books, attestation papers, etc.
I — 22 11 20 49 Although it was intended that the privates of West India regiments should be black, yet, apparently, white men were not prohibited from serving in the ranks ; for, in later muster rolls, two or three privates are shown as " enrolled in England," and one of these is afterwards shown as "trans- ferred to 60th. LUCIA, 1 Vincent was moved to St. Christopher ; the other company still remained at Martinique, and both, in April, , were selected to take part in the expedition to St.
The post on which the Republicans chiefly confided for their defence was that of Morne Fortune. It is situated on the western side of the island, between the rivers of the Carenage and the Grand Cul de Sac, which empty their waters into bays bearing the same name. Difficult of access by nature, it had been rendered still more so by various works. In aid of this they had also, fortified others of the mornes, or emi- nences, in its vicinity.
The whole of this position, embracing 86 THE HISTORY OF a considerable extent of ground, it was of the utmost import- ance to invest closely, with as little delay as possible, that the enemy might not escape into the rugged country of the interior, and thus be in a condition to carry on a protracted and harassing war, which experience had already more than once proved to be highly detrimental to an unseasoned invading force.
The first division was to land most to the norths in Longue- ville Bay, covered by several vessels, which were intended to silence the batteries on Pigeon Island. Choc Bay was the spot where the centre division was to be put on shore ; and the third was to disembark at Ance la Raye, some distance to the southward of the hostile post. Lucia on the 26th. A strong current had driven the transports so far to the leeward that it was not practicable to land the centre division till the following morning.
The current having acted still more powerfully on the vessels which conveyed the third division, under Brigadier-General Morshead, two or three days elapsed before the disembarkation in Ance la Raye could be entirely executed. The troops at length took up their appointed station, and thus held Morne Fortune invested on its southern side.
To complete the investment on the northern quarter it was necessary to obtain possession of Morne Chabot, which was one of the strongest posts in the vicinity of Morne Fortune. At midnight of the 27th, therefore, two columns, under Brigadier-Generals Moore and Hope, were despatched to attack the Morne on two opposite sides ; and, by this means, not only to carry the position, but likewise to prevent the escape of the troops by which it was defended. This plan, the complete success of which would have materially diminished the strength of the Republican force, was in part i-endered abortive by a miscalculation of time.
Misinformed by the guides, Brigadier- General Moore's column fell in, an hour and a half sooner than it had expected, with the advanced picket of the enemy, who were thus put on their guard. At the moment when they were discovered, the troops, in consequence of the narrowness of the road, were marching in single file, and to halt them was impossible. In this state of things their leader resolved not to give his opponents time to recollect themselves, but to fall on them with his single division.
The spirit of the soldiers fully justified the gallant resolution of their commander. Having been formed as speedily as the ruggedness of the ground would admit of, they proceeded to the assault. The Republicans made a stubborn resistance, but it was an unavailing one, as they were finally driven from the Morne with considerable loss.
Nevertheless, as the second column did not arrive till the combat was over, the fugitives succeeded in making good their retreat. On the following day the victors also occu- pied Morne Duchasseaux, which is situated in rear of Morne Fortune. They were afterwards drafted into the 60th. They were, however, repulsed with much slaughter, though not till forty or fifty men, and several officers, were killed or wounded on the side of the British, among them being Captain Coghlan, ist West India Regiment, attached to the 48th Regiment, who was wounded.