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Top links Find your local Citizens Advice Volunteer with us Jobs in our network Press releases Our blogs Read what we're saying about a range of issues. David, the treason charge seems worth asking you about. Did the people you talked to inside the U. They refused to comment on the specifics that we had found about the U. But in this case, they came back and said, we have no national security objections. In fact, it may be that people in the Trump administration, perhaps not the president himself but those around him, may have wanted you to report this.
So we have sort of the same problem in cyber.
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The real Geneva Conventions protect civilians from being gassed, tortured or starved. In the digital Geneva Convention, you might say there are some systems that are so critical to civilian life that we have to protect them — power grids because they power hospitals and nursing homes. You might say that election systems should be off limits. You might say that emergency communication systems, communications to ambulances or the police or the fire department, are off limits.
And these all seem like pretty attractive ideas, and a lot of countries have signed on to them, although not the United States so far. And one reason, I think, is that many in the U. On Monday afternoon, a spokesman for Russian president Vladimir Putin said that Russia was confident it could repel U. The protests began after Lam pushed for a law that would allow Hong Kong residents to be prosecuted in China, a plan she has since suspended in response to the protests.
And —. If Iran follows through with the plan, it would have enough fuel to produce a nuclear bomb in less than a year.
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The threat appears designed to pressure European countries who remain in the nuclear deal to offer Iran assistance that would offset the economic damage caused by the Trump administration, which imposed sanctions on Iran after withdrawing from the deal last year. See you tomorrow.
Since at least , current and former officials say, the United States has put reconnaissance probes into the control systems of the Russian electric grid. But now the American strategy has shifted more toward offense, officials say, with the placement of potentially crippling malware inside the Russian system at a depth and with an aggressiveness that had never been tried before.
It is intended partly as a warning, and partly to be poised to conduct cyberstrikes if a major conflict broke out between Washington and Moscow. Paul M. But finding ways to calibrate those responses so that they deter attacks without inciting a dangerous escalation has been the source of constant debate. Trump issued new authorities to Cyber Command last summer, in a still-classified document known as National Security Presidential Memoranda 13, giving General Nakasone far more leeway to conduct offensive online operations without receiving presidential approval.
But the action inside the Russian electric grid appears to have been conducted under little-noticed new legal authorities, slipped into the military authorization bill passed by Congress last summer. Under the law, those actions can now be authorized by the defense secretary without special presidential approval. The critical question — impossible to know without access to the classified details of the operation — is how deep into the Russian grid the United States has bored.
Only then will it be clear whether it would be possible to plunge Russia into darkness or cripple its military — a question that may not be answerable until the code is activated. Both General Nakasone and Mr. Two administration officials said they believed Mr. Pentagon and intelligence officials described broad hesitation to go into detail with Mr. Trump about operations against Russia for concern over his reaction — and the possibility that he might countermand it or discuss it with foreign officials, as he did in when he mentioned a sensitive operation in Syria to the Russian foreign minister.
Because the new law defines the actions in cyberspace as akin to traditional military activity on the ground, in the air or at sea, no such briefing would be necessary, they added.
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The intent of the operations was described in different ways by several current and former national security officials. Others said the moves were intended to position the United States to respond if Mr. Putin became more aggressive. Already, such attacks figure in the military plans of many nations. In a previous post, General Nakasone had been deeply involved in designing an operation code-named Nitro Zeus that amounted to a war plan to unplug Iran if the United States entered into hostilities with the country.
How Mr. Bolton is still unclear. Chesney, a law professor at the University of Texas, who has written extensively about the shifting legal basis for digital operations. We used to park ships within sight of the shore. Now, perhaps, we get access to key systems like the electric grid. Russian intrusion on American infrastructure has been the background noise of superpower competition for more than a decade. Under President Barack Obama, the attacks accelerated. But Mr. At the end of Mr.
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But the assumption was that the Russians were conducting surveillance, and would stop well short of actual disruption. That assumption evaporated in , two former officials said, when the same Russian hacking outfit compromised the software updates that reached into hundreds of systems that have access to the power switches. In December , a Russian intelligence unit shut off power to hundreds of thousands of people in western Ukraine.
The attack lasted only a few hours, but it was enough to sound alarms at the White House. However, the EIA estimates that coal production in decreased 3 percent, and expects further declines of 4 percent in and 6 percent in , due to declining exports and falling power sector consumption.
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As a result of the drop in coal use and increasing automation in the coal mining industry over the past few decades, jobs in the coal industry declined while jobs in the renewable energy industry grew. In , the U. Energy and Employment Report. Coal mining, support, and coal-generated electricity combined employed ,, shedding close to 6, jobs from The latest bailout plan , which would have involved the Department of Energy exercising rarely-used emergency authority under the Defense Production Act and Federal Power Act, has reportedly stalled inside the White House.
Earlier attempts were also unsuccessful:. Wind and solar are cheap enough that CCS, which proponents argue is necessary to reach climate goals, in many cases is not worth the investment for coal plants.