The Bay

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In late Galeria Kaufhof and Karstadt merged as part of a spin off.


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This step is interpreted as a total business departure from Europe. The HBC is diversified into joint ventures and other types of business products. The HBC has credit card, mortgage, and personal insurance branches. These other products and services are joint partnerships with other corporations. Points can also be converted to Air Miles.

The HBC is involved in community and charity activities. The HBC Foundation is a charity agency involved in social issues and service. The company discontinued this event in The HBC was the official outfitter of clothing for members of the Canadian Olympic team in , , , , , , , , and The sponsorship has been renewed through Since the late s, HBC has used its status as the official Canadian Olympics team outfitter to gain global exposure, as part of a turnaround plan that included shedding under-performing brands and luring new high-end brands.

HBC's Winter Olympics and Summer Olympics uniforms and toques received a mixed reception for their multicoloured stripes green, red, yellow, blue which seemed to be not-so-subtle advertising for HBC rather than representing the Canadian Olympic team's traditional colours of red and white with black as a secondary , in contrast to well-received Root's collection with its trendy red letter jackets and Poor Boy caps. HBC's apparel for the Winter Olympics held in Vancouver proved to be extremely successful, in part because Canada was the host country and their athletes had a record medal haul.

The HBC's Winter Olympics apparel was also controversial due to a knitted, machine-made sweater that looked like a Cowichan sweater. Lord Sebastian Coe , chairman of the London Olympic Games Organizing Committee , who attended the Vancouver Olympics , noted that the Canadians were passionate in embracing the Games with their "Canada" hoodies and their red mittens of which 2. The legacy of the HBC has been maintained in part by the detailed record-keeping and archiving of material by the company.

Before , the records of the HBC were kept in the London office headquarters.


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The HBC opened an archives department to researchers in The company granted public access to the collection the following year. A foundation, Hudson's Bay Company History Foundation funded through the tax savings resulting from the donation, was established to support the operations of the HBC Archive as a division of the Archives of Manitoba, along with other activities and programs.

The records covered the HBC history from the founding of the company in The records contained business transactions, medical records, personal journals of officials, inventories, company reports, etc.

In the 18th and 19th Centuries, Hudson's Bay Company operated with a very rigid hierarchy when it came to its employees. This hierarchy essentially broke down into two levels; the officers and the servants. Comprising the officers were the factors, masters and chief traders, clerks and surgeons. The servants were the tradesmen, boatmen, and labourers.

The officers essentially ran the fur trading posts. They had many duties which included supervising the workers in their trade posts, valuing the furs, and keeping trade and post records. In , when Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company merged, the hierarchy became even stricter and the lines between officers and servants became virtually impossible to cross. Officers in charge of individual trading posts had much responsibility because they were directly in charge of enforcing the policies made by the governor and committee the board of the company.

One of these policies was the price of particular furs and trade goods. These prices were called the Official and Comparative Standards. Made-Beaver , the quality measurement of the pelt, was the means of exchange used by Hudson's Bay Company to define the Official and Comparative Standards. Because the governor was stationed in London, England, they needed to have reliable officers managing the trade posts halfway around the world. Because the fur trade was a very dynamic market, HBC needed to have some form of flexibility when dealing with prices and traders.

Price fluctuation was deferred to the officers in charge of the trade posts, and the head office recorded any difference between the company's standard and that set by the individual officers. Overplus, or any excess revenue gained by officers was strictly documented to insure that it wasn't being pocketed and taken from the company.

Hudson's Bay Company

This strict yet flexible hierarchy exemplifies how Hudson's Bay Company was able to be so successful while still having its central management and trade posts located so far apart. Chronological list of Governors of the Hudson's Bay Company: []. Under the charter establishing Hudson's Bay Company, the company was required to give two elk skins and two black beaver pelts to the English king, then Charles II, or his heirs, whenever the monarch visited Rupert's Land.

The exact text from the Charter reads:. Yielding and paying yearly to us and our heirs and successors for the same two Elks and two Black beavers whensoever and as often as We, our heirs and successors shall happen to enter into the said Countries, Territories and Regions hereby granted.

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On the last such visit, the pelts were given in the form of two live beavers, which the Queen donated to the Winnipeg Zoo in Assiniboine Park. However, when the company permanently moved its headquarters to Canada, the Charter was amended to remove the rent obligation. Each of the four "rent ceremonies" took place in or around Winnipeg. The HBC is the only European trading company to have survived and outlived all its rivals.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Canadian retail business group. For other uses, see Hudson's Bay disambiguation. Net income. See also: Hudson's Bay retailer. See also: Hudson's Bay Company Archives. Richard A. Baker Robert C. Leith William L. Mack Lee S. Toronto portal Companies portal. Toronto Star. Retrieved 25 October Hudson's Bay Company. Retrieved 5 October April Manitoba Pageant.

Hudson's Bay Company - Wikipedia

Financial Post. Retrieved 20 August Retrieved 14 October HBC Heritage. Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 6 October Archived from the original on 1 October Archived from the original on 27 September Funding Universe. Retrieved 2 September Retrieved 16 July BBC News. Retrieved 29 July CBC News. Retrieved 23 October Retrieved 17 May Retrieved 6 June Company of Adventurers: Vol I.

Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 7 October The History of the Hudson's Bay Company, — Hudson's Bay Record Society. HBC Heritage — Timeline. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Canada. Retrieved 3 May Government of Canada. Retrieved 24 April Government of Canada orig. Archived from the original on 16 April Archived from the original on 13 March Company of Adventurers New ed. Markham, Ont. In Stephen, Leslie ; Lee, Sidney eds.

Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 14 November Archived from the original on 13 January Canadian Geographic magazine. Caesars of the wilderness. A History of the Canadian West to —71 2nd ed. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press. Vancouver: UBC Press.

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Money and Exchange in Canada to Archives Hub. Retrieved 16 November Canada History. Access HT. Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 17 November Francis, R. Douglas; Kitzan, C. The Promise of the West as Settlement Frontier. The Prairie West as Promised Land. Calgary, Alberta: University of Calgary Press. Retrieved 2 February Archived from the original on 26 September ConocoPhilips Canada. The Canadian Encyclopedia online ed.

Retrieved 17 June Archived from the original on 6 October Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 11 December Retrieved 22 August Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 January Archived from the original on 16 March Postmedia Network. Tours will begin when a group of 5 or more visitors are assembled. Tours will not be conducted on Flower Dome closure dates. Get in the mood for romance with our free mobile wallpapers Keep the enchanting sights of Rose Romance around with our custom set of wallpapers featuring the unique roses that await you in Flower Dome!

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Why wait? Entertainment news, trailer drops, and photos abound at San Diego Comic-Con. Browse our Comic-Con guide. Two best friends see their trip of a lifetime take a dark turn when one of them is struck by a mysterious affliction. Now, in a foreign land, they race to uncover the source before it consumes him completely. An investigation into a government cover-up leads to a network of abandoned train tunnels deep beneath the heart of Sydney. As a journalist and her crew hunt for the story it quickly becomes clear the story is hunting them.

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A group of 5 students go the location of the infamous "dyatlov pass incident", to make a documentary but things take a turn for the worse to reveal the secrets as to what happened there. Searching for a missing student, two private investigators break into his house and find collection of VHS tapes. Viewing the horrific contents of each cassette, they realize there may be dark motives behind the student's disappearance.

An elderly woman battling Alzheimer's disease agrees to let a film crew document her condition, but what they discover is something far more sinister going on. For their ghost hunting reality show, a production crew locks themselves inside an abandoned mental hospital that's supposedly haunted - and it might prove to be all too true.

When a group of misfits are hired by an unknown third party to burglarize a desolate house and acquire a rare VHS tape, they discover more found footage than they bargained for. In an abandoned house in Poughkeepsie, New York murder investigators uncover hundreds of tapes showing decades of a serial killer's work. This "found-footage" film is set in in the town of Claridge, Maryland on the Chesapeake Bay.

During the town's annual 4th of July Crab Festival, townspeople become sick, exhibiting a variety of symptoms, which leads local news reporters to suspect something has infected the water there. No one is sure what it is or how it's transmitted, but as people start to behave strangely, and others turning up dead, fear spawns into panic. The town is shut down as government authorities confiscate video footage from every media or personal source they find, in an effort to cover-up the incident.

But one local reporter who witnessed the epidemic, was able to document, assemble, and hide this film in hopes that one day, the horrible truth would be revealed. Written by ahmetkozan. It was only a matter of time before the found footage craze drew a bona-fide name- brand Hollywood filmmaker into its ongoing vortex. All cameras and footage related to what happened were confiscated by the government, but now someone has compiled and the truth about what happened in Claridge, MD beings to leak out.

Although this is placed in the horror genre-- containing some tension and gruesome moments-this is comes off more of an eco-scare. The footage is a combination of the news filming of Stephanie and her cameraman, as well as other various form's of camera footage. This combination of POV adds an element of interest and realism to the film, expanding the storyline beyond what could have been achieved by a single camera held by a single individual. The movie jumps around town to give more comprehensive coverage of the crisis--sort of like if "Contagion" was told from a first-person point of view, and isn't nearly as good.

The film follows the findings of a pair of marine biologists, who discovers species of benign organisms that appear to be evolving--into something more mischievous. Levinson seems more interested in spreading a green message--than terrifying. There's nothing wrong with that, but audiences lured in by the trailers may be disappointed despite being well produced.

The best found footage films "Paranormal Activity" and " "REC"s", immerse you fully in the hellish situation, and make you feel as if you're part of the terror. Explore popular and recently added TV series available to stream now with Prime Video. Start your free trial. Find showtimes, watch trailers, browse photos, track your Watchlist and rate your favorite movies and TV shows on your phone or tablet! IMDb More. Keep track of everything you watch; tell your friends. Full Cast and Crew.



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