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At Home in Diaspora : Black International Writing
Enlarge cover. Error rating book. Refresh and try again. Open Preview See a Problem? Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Through writing, Himes constructed an imaginary home informed both by nostalgia for a community he never knew and a critique of the racism he left behind in the United States.
In At Home in Diaspora , Wendy Walters investigates the work of Himes, Cliff, and three other twentieth-century black international writers—Caryl Phillips, Simon Njami, and Richard Wright—who have lived in and written from countries they do not call home. Unlike other authors in exile, those of the African diaspora are doubly displaced, first by the discrimination they faced at home and again by their life abroad.
Throughout, Walters suggests that in the absence of a recoverable land of origin, the idea of diaspora comes to represent a home that is not singular or exclusionary. In this way, writing in exile is much more than a literary performance; it is a profound political act. Wendy W. People of African descent have been making significant contributions to the international scholarly enterprise for a very long time. In a future article, we hope to explore this history in some detail. The present article, however, concentrates on some of the most distinguished living contributors to a wide variety of disciplines in the humanities and the social sciences.
True, a couple of the scholars on our list were born outside the United States, but they have all made their careers in the US and teach at American universities. To all intents and purposes, they have become an integral part of the vibrant African American intellectual scene. The list has been compiled in order to give representation to the following academic disciplines, organized into five categories however, the categories are not represented with strict equality :.
Be sure to note the following criteria that we have imposed on the selection process for the list:. Finally, there were many competitors for each slot on this list. That is one of the main reasons why the list is alphabetically, not numerically ranked. We make no claim to exclusivity. We say: Let a hundred flowers bloom! Appiah was born in London in to a Ghanaian father and an English mother. The family returned to Ghana when Anthony was very young; thus, he grew up speaking Asante a form of Twi , as well as English. Appiah is married to New Yorker editorial director, Henry Finder.
At Cambridge, Appiah wrote his dissertation on the philosophy of language under the supervision of Hugh Mellor. His first two books were devoted to this field, as well see below. It was his first foray into the territory of African history and cultural identity, but it already staked out the characteristic themes and basic philosophical stance that he would return to in numerous future works. In addition to the odd academic books he has authored, co-authored, or edited, Appiah is the author or co-author of hundreds of journal, magazine, and newspaper articles and book chapters, both academic and aimed at a popular audience.
The recipient of honorary degrees and other awards far too numerous to mention, Appiah has also lectured very widely around the world, and has published three novels and a volume of poetry. Berry was born in Nashville, Tennessee, in She is currently the Geraldine R.
As time has gone by, her scholarly interests have broadened out in several respects. First, she has written about more recent events, in some of which, such as the US Civil Rights Commission, she has had first-hand experience of history-in-the-making. Second, she has written for a broader audience beyond the confines of Academia. And third, she has devoted increasing attention to issues relating to gender equality, in addition to racial equality.
During the late s, Berry took a leave of absence from the University of Colorado Boulder to serve in government as Assistant Secretary for Education in the then—Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. After returning to academic life in , she was appointed by the outgoing President Carter to serve on the US Commission on Civil Rights, a post she held until Besides her work for the US government, Berry has also participated in international campaigns for human rights and social justice.
For example, in she co-founded the Free South Africa Movement, which eventually led to her being arrested during demonstrations aimed at exerting pressure on the US government to apply sanctions on South Africa, with the goal of freeing Nelson Mandela and ending apartheid. Berry has received more than 30 honorary degrees, as well as numerous other honors and awards. Carter was born in Washington, DC, in After law school, he first clerked for Judge Spottswood W. His areas of expertise include contracts, evidence, intellectual property, professional ethics, ethics in literature, law and the ethics of war, and law and religion.
In additional to numerous scholarly articles published in the Harvard Law Review , the Yale Law and Policy Review , and elsewhere, Carter has become known far beyond the confines of the academic world through his writings for a popular audience.
At Home In Diaspora: Black International Writing - Wendy W. Walters - Google книги
Beginning with a memoir and meditation on the role that affirmative action played in his own life, Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby , published in , he has gone on to publish seven other non-fiction works. In addition to his non-fiction books, Carter is the author of seven novels. He has also published many essays on matters of public policy aimed at a popular audience, including a regular feature column that he wrote for many years for Christianity Today. He is currently a regular columnist for Bloomberg. Carter is the recipient of eight honorary degrees, and in he delivered the commencement address at his alma mater , Stanford University.
Coates was born in Baltimore, Maryland, in After graduating from high school, the younger Coates attended Howard University for several years, but left before taking a degree in order to pursue a career in journalism. From to , he was appointed Martin Luther King, Jr. After several years of working as a reporter for the Washington City Paper , and following brief stints with the Philadelphia Weekly , the Village Voice , and Time , in Coates joined the Atlantic , eventually rising to the post of Senior Editor there, and writing his own regular column on their blog. He also would become a frequent contributor of op-eds and longer essays to the New York Times , the Washington Post , the Washington Monthly , and many other prestigious mainstream media outlets.
However, the single piece of writing for which he is best known is undoubtedly his memoir, Between the World and Me see below. In this best-selling and highly praised book, Coates describes growing up in Baltimore in the shadow of the Black Power movement of the s, and reflects with incisiveness and elegance on the manifold ways in which life for African Americans has and has not changed since those fraught times.
In addition to the three books of literary non-fiction listed below, Coates has also published several comic books and video game texts. Not least, he represents a younger generation, which inevitably sees things differently from the way its elders did. But above all, he writes with a fierceness and grace that has earned for him, young as he is, one of the highest of all literary accolades: a true successor to the great James Baldwin. From until , she taught in the public schools of the Roxbury section of Boston.
Then, she was appointed Director of the Africana Center at Tufts University, a post she held from until In , she earned her PhD in sociology from Brandeis. In , she published her landmark study, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment see below. In this book, she looked at the social, psychological, and political issues of the disempowerment of black women in a wide variety ways, including through the lenses of revolutionary Marxist and feminist theory drawing on the work of Angela Y.
Davis , fiction Alice Walker , and poetry Audre Lorde. Challenging power structures from the inside, working the cracks within the system, however, requires learning to speak multiple languages of power convincingly. Other books Collins has written have broached the possibility of reconceptualizing public education Another Kind of Public Education and reflected upon the vital role of public intellectuals in articulating the language in which new social and political possibilities become thinkable On Intellectual Activism.
Her published work has been very widely translated, anthologized, and otherwise reprinted. She is the recipient of numerous grants, awards, board memberships, invitations to give lectures and keynote addresses, and honorary degrees. During the — academic year, Collins served as President of the American Sociological Association. Cone was born in Fordyce, Arkansas, in He was called to the ministry and became a pastor at the age of Accordingly, he cast off mainstream theological discourse in favor of his own distinctive brand of liberation theology, which he called black theology.
From this point of departure, Cone concluded that. Liberation is not an afterthought, but the very essence of divine activity. More radically still, Cone came to believe that theology could not be a universalist endeavor, but must always be grounded in the reality of historically specific forms of oppression.
Above all, Cone says, black theology must integrate the two dominant symbols of lived black experience: the cross and the lynching tree. From a black theology perspective, they are not two things; they are one and the same. The cross is the lynching tree. Crenshaw was born in Canton, Ohio, in Her fields of specialization are critical race theory and constitutional law.
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Crenshaw became world-famous as the originator of the concept of intersectionality, first articulated in a paper she wrote for the University of Chicago Law Forum in That is because in the absence of a recognized category, a complex socially constructed identity and the sui generis experiences that may result from it have a very difficult time becoming visible to others. In addition to her teaching and writing, she has been active in a number of political endeavors.
For instance, she was a member of the legal team representing Anita Hill during the Senate confirmation hearings on Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, and she co-founded and serves as Executive Director of the African American Policy Forum, a non-profit think tank with the mission of facilitating the greater influence of scholarly research on race and gender inequality and discrimination on public policy discourse in government and the media.
Davis was born in Birmingham, Alabama, in Following two years of graduate work at the University of Frankfurt, where she studied with Frankfurt School philosopher Theodor Adorno, she entered the doctoral program in philosophy at the University of California San Diego, where Marcuse had moved in the meantime. She passed the qualifying exams for her PhD that same year, and began writing her dissertation under the supervision of Marcuse, but due to unforeseen events see below was unable to complete it.
Davis is undoubtedly best known for her involvement in two events that occurred when she was still in graduate school, which received national, and even international, publicity: 1 her expulsion in from her job as an assistant professor of philosophy at UCLA on the grounds of her CPUSA membership; and 2 her arrest in as an accomplice in the violent takeover and hostage-taking at the Marin County Courthouse in San Rafael, California, by Jonathan Jackson, younger brother of Black Panther Party leader George Jackson.
Aided by three other Panthers being held in cells inside the courthouse, the younger Jackson took the judge and four other whites as hostages, with the aim of demanding the release of George Jackson. During their getaway in a van, there was a shootout from both outside and inside the vehicle, at the end of which the judge, Jonathan Jackson, and two other Black Panthers were dead, and two other white hostages were wounded. Davis was accused of supplying firearms to the younger Jackson.
Although three of the weapons he used were shown to have been purchased by her, due to insufficient evidence that she was aware of the purpose he intended to put them to, at her trial Davis was found innocent of all charges. As a philosopher and critical theorist, Davis has consistently applied the theoretical prism of Marxism to the analysis of the oppression of both people of color and women more generally by imperialist-capitalist society. She has continued to be politically committed, frequently lending her support to those she feels have been unjustly accused or condemned.
African writers. Brian Cox. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, c Boston, Mass. Hall, c WorldCat Black literature and literary theory. New York : Routledge, WorldCat Black literature criticism: classic and emerging authors since Jelena O.
Krstovic, project editor. Detroit : Gale Cengage Learning, Editor in chief, Darlene Clark Hine. New York : Oxford University Press, Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, Abiola Irele. New York: Cambridge University Press, Compiled by Maryemma Graham and Jerry W. Ward Jr. Abiola Irele and Simon Gikandi.
New York: Columbia University Press, c WorldCat A companion to African American literature. Chichester, U. Harrow and Carmela Garritano.
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Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell, The companion to African literatures. Wiley-Blackwell Online Books. Hoboken, NJ : Wiley Blackwell, The Columbia guide to contemporary African American fiction. Emmanuel K. Akyeampong and Henry Louis Gates, Jr. Sous la direction d'Ambroise Kom.
Sherbrooke, Quebec: Naaman, WorldCat ed. Dunton, Chris. Nigerian theatre in English: a critical bibliography. London; New Providence, N. WorldCat Encyclopedia of African literature. London; New York: Routledge, WorldCat Ervin, Hazel Arnett. The handbook of African American literature. Proquest Literature Online. Gainesville : University Press of Florida, The Columbia guide to East African literature in English since WorldCat Goslinga, Marian. Caribbean literature: a bibliography.
Lanham, Md. WorldCat Gray, John. Black theatre and performance: a pan-African bibliography. New York : Greenwood Press, David Macey, Jr. The heritage series of Black poetry, a research compendium.