This edition was used by Gottfried Hensel in his Synopsis Universae Philologiae to compile "geographico-polyglot maps" where the beginning of the prayer was shown in the geographical area where the respective languages were spoken.
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Johann Ulrich Kraus also published a collection with more than entries. These collections continued to be improved and expanded well into the 19th century; Johann Christoph Adelung and Johann Severin Vater in — published the prayer in "well-nigh five hundred languages and dialects". Samples of scripture, including the Lord's Prayer, were published in 52 oriental languages, most of them not previously found in such collections, translated by the brethren of the Serampore Mission and printed at the mission press there in There are similarities between the Lord's Prayer and both biblical and post-biblical material in Jewish prayer especially Kiddushin 81a Babylonian.
A blessing said by some Jewish communities after the evening Shema includes a phrase quite similar to the opening of the Lord's Prayer: "Our God in heaven, hallow thy name, and establish thy kingdom forever, and rule over us for ever and ever. Rabbi Aron Mendes Chumaceiro has said  that nearly all the elements of the prayer have counterparts in the Jewish Bible and Deuterocanonical books : the first part in Isaiah —16 "Look down from heaven and see, from your holy and beautiful habitation For you are our Father It is the L ORD.
Let him do what seems good to him. In modern times, various composers have incorporated The Lord's Prayer into a musical setting for utilization during liturgical services for a variety of religious traditions as well as interfaith ceremonies. Included among them are:. As with other prayers, the Lord's Prayer was used by cooks to time their recipes before the spread of clocks. For example, a step could be "simmer the broth for three Lord's Prayers". American songwriter and arranger Brian Wilson set the text of the Lord's Prayer to an elaborate close-harmony arrangement loosely based on Malotte's melody.
Wilson's group, The Beach Boys , would return to the piece several times throughout their recording career, most notably as the B-side to their single " Little Saint Nick. American singer Christina Aguilera incorporated the prayer into her cover version of the Christmas carol " O Holy Night "  as a spoken bridge. German power metal band Powerwolf implemented a modified version of the Latin prayer for the closing of the song " Lupus Dei ".
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Christian prayer. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Your kingdom come. Give us each day our daily bread; and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us; and lead us not into temptation. Pater Noster. Roman Missal   Pater noster, qui es in caelis: sanctificetur nomen tuum; adveniat regnum tuum; fiat voluntas tua , sicut in caelo, et in terra.
Panem nostrum cotidianum  da nobis hodie; et dimitte nobis debita nostra, sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris; et ne nos inducas in tentationem; sed libera nos a malo. Main article: History of the Lord's Prayer in English. When after all have communicated the people repeat each petition after the priest, the prayer ends : For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, For ever and ever. Traditional Catholic version without doxology ;   Book of Common Prayer of the United States Episcopal Church sometimes without, sometimes with doxology  Our Father who art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Give us today our daily bread. Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us. Save us from the time of trial and deliver us from evil.
For the kingdom, the power, and the glory are yours now and for ever. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Give us each day our daily bread, and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone who is indebted to us.
And lead us not into temptation. See also: Names of God in Christianity and Matthew See also: Matthew See also: Epiousios. This section appears to be slanted towards recent events. Please try to keep recent events in historical perspective and add more content related to non-recent events.
June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Christianity portal. Retrieved 14 October A13, April 8, Most modern translations use a text similar to this one. The other surviving manuscripts of the Vetus Latina Gospels do not have the doxology. The Vulgate translation also does not include it, thus agreeing with critical editions of the Greek text.
John Chrysostom] , as presented in the  text of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople] and various Greek prayer books and liturgies.
THE LORD'S PRAYER
It differs from the Vulgate in having cotidianum in place of supersubstantialem. It does not add the Byzantine doxology: this is never joined immediately to the Lord's Prayer in the Latin liturgy or the Latin Bible, but it appears, in the form quia tuum est regnum, et potestas, et gloria, in saecula , in the Mass of the Roman Rite , as revised in , separated from the Lord's Prayer by the prayer, Libera nos, quaesumus Others have translated the Byzantine doxology into Latin as quia tuum est regnum; et potentia et gloria; per omnia saecula or in saecula saeculorum.
Note that the Church of England 's Book of Common Prayer , which also sometimes adds, sometimes omits, the doxology, keeps the text An Alternative Order for the Administration of Holy Communion. Steubenville, Ohio: Emmaus Road Publishing. Dalman, The Words of Jesus , As cited in G. Graef, St. Zondervan,, p. Questions and Answers. Bromiley; William B. Chapter VI. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 27 April Retrieved 5 June The Guardian. Retrieved April 30, Irish Catholic. Retrieved 7 June Stern Jewish New Testament Commentary. National Library of Australia.
Bacon, Tony, 1st ed. San Francisco, Calif. Retrieved 11 March Clark, D. The Lord's Prayer. Augsburger, Myron. Waco, Texas: Word Books, Barclay, William. The Gospel of Matthew: Volume 1 Chapters 1— Edinburgh: Saint Andrew Press, Beare, Francis Wright. The Gospel According to Matthew. Oxford: B. Blackwell, Brown, Raymond E. Cornerstone Publications. Filson, Floyd V. A Commentary on the Gospel According to St. London: A. Black, Fowler, Harold.
The Gospel of Matthew: Volume One. Joplin: College Press, France, R. Leicester: Inter-Varsity, Hendriksen, William. The Gospel of Matthew. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, "Lilies in the Field. David Lyle Jeffrey, general editor. Grand Rapids: W. Eerdmans, Lewis, Jack P. Austin, Texas: R. Sweet, Luz, Ulrich.
Matthew 1—7: A Commentary. Wilhlem C. However, I think the three main terms for wrongdoing all have a strong place in the Lord's Prayer and should be appreciated for their similarities and their subtle differences. I wonder if it's just coincidence that this change in language coincides with a wider historical-theological shift towards penal substitutionary atonement. The shift from trespass to debt in the context of Norman tax laws is also a move towards a god who resembles the divinely-anointed kings of the time, who themselves 'translated' almost every law of the land from a crime against the victim to a crime against the crown as a way to legitimise a wholesale amassing of wealth.
To trespass has become synonymous to be in debt to the ultimate authority.
Crime is no longer the breaking of a social bond, requiring restoration and reconciliation; it has been divorced from its relational, social context; it is no longer a specific behaviour necessitating a specific response but rather a shift in one's relationship to God - from pure to impure, if you like. Luther graduates from law school in A couple of years later he has rebelled against his father's dream of a respectable career and enrolled himself into the monastic life.
Calvin, the son of a lawyer, comes under similar paternal pressure. Is it too much of a stretch to wonder whether these neuroses were played out in their theology on the field of contemporary political thought? Very interesting. I was wondering about that. I prefer debts, because it captures the economic element present in Jesus' time and ours that 'trespasses' elides. But most scholars believe that matthew has preserved a form of the petition which shows that Jesus had real debts in mind also.
Parable of the Merciless Servant
Since his parables linked debt and forgiveness, it is very likely that Jesus had both concrete and spiritual dimensions in mind. There is no reasons why we should have to make an exclusive choice, in interpreting the prayer, between literal debt and spiritual sins, any more than we have to spiritualize 'Give us this day our daily bread' or deny that elsewhere Jesus did use literal bread to symbolize spiritual nourishment" --Christopher Wright "Knowing Jesus through the Old Testament My Greek instructor is doing his dissertation on economic language in the New Testament and he's vehement about Jesus' use of 'debts' here.
I tend to think Wright's got the W right idea, though, because Jesus is always using spiritual reality to predicate social behavior. Substituting sins and trespasses, in my mind, affirms a lot of things that the Church has gotten wrong throughout history. Namely, the Church's longstanding alliance with property over the poor trespass connoting violation of property rights and substituting literal, social truths for metaphorical, spiritual ones sins.
Debts sounds less good to my Episcopalian ear, but holds the double truth of literal and spiritual best. Andrew, have you read William Cavanaugh's stuff on the nation-state creating a 'simple society'? It's eerily similar to your first paragraph which is awesome.
That's interesting to note about the legal element of the Reformers.
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Anselm's soteriology comes to mind as well, though he's more complex than mere penal substitution. Anyway, I'd thought that it was a distinctly American preoccupation to read the Bible legally, but I now see that it's been a longer process. Thanks Timothy. I think you're absolutely right about Anselm, who was archbishop when all this centralising of justice was first taking place. I'm fascinated by the way soteriological evolution has mirrored political expediency and have often wondered about the private motivations of and political pressures upon church leaders who seem to have been otherwise well-meaning.
The Norman conquest and the dissolution were both fascinating times in English history. I'm not familiar with Cavanaugh, but my ego is intrigued! It is - that's the whole point. We're all in debt, either individually or as an entire country, and so debt forgiveness is very relevant in a way that 'trespass forgiveness' is not. Although since you mention it, perhaps we should also be more forgiving towards Occupy Wall Street when they trespass on church property. I like "trespasses," I think in part because there's a great line from a Dylan song that I've always thought has the trespass translation of the LP behind it: I've always been the kind of person who doesn't like to trespassBut sometimes you just find yourself over the line.
I found this very informative. I too was scratching my head in wonder as to where the wife and I got our translation! Thanks for the informative article. Zondervan - some ancestry from Netherlands - can't find where the brothers Peter Zondervan and Bernard Zondervan originated from - no article talks about their ancestry. Guess who collects most Debt and Gold, Jewish organizations.
Who owns the federal reserve Richard, I was just doing exactly what you described doing, and in followup to the translation research found this blog. Very nice! So we really have three choices, and I think we're on solid ground with debts or sins, and certainly not far enough off to matter with trespasses. Thanks - just preparing for Sunday kids group and couldn't find the "trespasses" anywhere! Thank you!!! That's really helpful because I've just been trying to find this out. Thanks for doing the legwork! Brownsville Girl.
What an intense song! I was wondering why there was a difference. That explains it. I am glad to know this. I have used both trespasses and debts. Thank you for sharing such wonderful and interesting article about Go From Debt to Freedom.
Forgive Us Our Trespasses
In one of our 2 version in our BAS Canadian Anglican prayerbook we use "sins" and "sin against us" then "save us from the time of trial". Interesting all around. Trespasses - How might we trespass one another. As sign on a property says trespassers prosecuted. What does it mean to trespass one another spiritually and emotionally and mentally.
Physically is usually obvious. From Charles Spurgeon This remarkable fact in natural history shows how thoroughly the Lord has infused the spirit of order into his universe, since the smallest animate creatures are as much controlled by it as are the rolling spheres or the seraphic messengers.
It would be wise for believers to be ruled by the same influence in all their spiritual life.
Forgive us our Trespasses
In their Christian graces no one virtue should usurp the sphere of another, or eat out the vitals of the rest for its own support. Affection must not smother honesty, courage must not elbow weakness out of the field, modesty must not jostle energy, and patience must not slaughter resolution. So also with our duties, one must not interfere with another; public usefulness must not injure private piety; church work must not push family worship into a corner. It is ill to offer God one duty stained with the blood of another.
Each thing is beautiful in its season, but not otherwise.