Tell the radiotherapy department if you prefer treatment at a particular time of day. They can try to arrange this. If you have no other way to get to the hospital, the radiotherapy staff might be able to arrange hospital transport for you. But it might not always be at convenient times. Some hospitals have their own drivers or can arrange ambulances.
Some charities offer hospital transport. About Cancer generously supported by Dangoor Education since Questions about cancer? Call freephone or email us. Skip to main content. Brain tumours. Brain tumours Treatment Radiotherapy. Or you may have radiotherapy after surgery to: treat any tumour that your surgeon couldn't remove try to lower the risk of the brain tumour coming back in the future How often you have radiotherapy You are most likely to have radiotherapy for a brain tumour as a series of treatments for 3 to 7 weeks. Types of radiotherapy You usually have external beam radiotherapy to treat brain tumours.
Find out more about the different types of radiotherapy.
- Your treatment plan.
- How you have treatment.
- Radiation Therapy for Adult Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors;
- bibbia da bar (parliamo di Dio Vol. 1) (Italian Edition)!
To have radiotherapy you lie in the same position as you did for your planning scans. Side effects of radiotherapy. Rib fractures: In rare cases, radiation therapy may weaken the ribs, which could lead to a fracture. Be sure you understand what to look for and tell your cancer care team if you notice any of these side effects. Heart complications: Radiation to the breast can also affect the heart. It can cause hardening of the arteries which can make you more likely to have a heart attack later on , heart valve damage, or irregular heartbeats.
How Radiation Therapy Can Affect Different Parts of the Body
Lung damage radiation pneumonitis : Getting radiation to the breast can sometimes cause an inflammation of the lungs, which is called radiation pneumonitis. Damage to the nerves in the shoulder and arm: Radiation to the breast can sometimes damage some of the nerves to the arm. This is called brachial plexopathy and can lead to numbness, tingling, pain, and weakness in the shoulder, arm, and hand. If your treatment includes brachytherapy internal radiation implants , you might notice breast tenderness, tightness, redness, and bruising.
You may also have some of the same side effects that happen with external radiation treatment. Let your cancer care team know about any problems you notice. Getting radiation to the middle portion of the chest can raise your risk of heart disease. This risk increases with higher radiation doses and larger treatment areas in this part of your body.
Radiation can also cause hardening of the arteries which can make you more likely to have a heart attack later on , heart valve damage, or irregular heartbeats. Radiation pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs that can be caused by radiation treatment to the chest or less often, the breast. It may occur about 3 to 6 months after getting radiation therapy. Common symptoms of radiation pneumonitis include:. Symptoms often go away on their own, but if treatment is needed, it is based on trying to decrease the inflammation.
Steroids, like prednisone, are usually used. With treatment, most people recover without any lasting effects. But if it persists, it can lead to pulmonary fibrosis stiffening or scarring of the lungs. When this happens, the lungs can no longer fully inflate and take in air. Be sure you understand what to look for, and tell your cancer care team if you notice any of these side effects. If you are getting radiation to your stomach or some part of the abdomen belly , you may have side effects such as:. Ask your cancer care team about what you can expect, and what medicines you should take to help relieve these problems.
Eating or avoiding certain foods can help with some of these problems, so diet planning is an important part of radiation treatment of the stomach or abdomen. Some people feel queasy for a few hours right after radiation therapy.
Hunks of Steel
If you have this problem, try not eating for a couple of hours before and after your treatment. You may handle the treatment better on an empty stomach.
Be sure to take the medicine as prescribed. If you notice nausea before your treatment, try eating a bland snack, like toast or crackers, and try to relax as much as possible. See Nausea and Vomiting to get tips to help an upset stomach and learn more about how to manage these side effects.
Brain Tumor Treatment
Many people have diarrhea at some point after starting radiation therapy to the abdomen. Your cancer care team may prescribe medicines or give you special instructions to help with the problem. Proton therapy is not yet available in Australia. In specific circumstances, financial assistance may be available from the Australian Government to travel overseas for proton therapy. For radiation therapy to the brain, a plastic face mask may be made during the planning sessions.
This is known as an immobilisation mask. It will help keep your head still and ensure the radiation is targeted at the same area during each session. The mask is made of a tight-fitting mesh, but you will wear it for only about 10 minutes at a time. You can see and breathe through the mask, but it may feel strange and claustrophobic at first. The radiation therapist can suggest ways to help you adjust to the mask, so let them know if it is making you feel anxious or uncomfortable.
During treatment, you will lie on a table under a machine called a linear accelerator. Radiation therapy itself is painless. Radiation therapy side effects generally occur in the treatment area and are usually temporary, but some may be permanent or last for a few months or years. The side effects vary depending on whether the tumour is in the brain or spinal cord.
They may include:. A small number of adults who have had radiation therapy to the brain have side effects that appear months or years later. These are called late effects and can include symptoms such as poor memory, confusion, personality changes and headaches. Rehabilitation therapies or medicines can help with managing late effects. Young children are more likely to have long-term effects from radiation therapy because their nervous system is still developing, so other treatments are used where possible.
Radiation therapy that affects the pituitary gland can lead to it producing too much or too little of particular hormones. If this is a risk for you, your treatment team will monitor the hormone levels in your pituitary gland. See Radiation therapy for more information. Learn more about what radiation therapy is, the types of radiation therapy, common side effects, and managing those side effects.
The cancer information on this website is based on the Understanding Cancer series booklets published by Cancer Council. This information is reviewed and updated every two years or as new information comes to hand.
Targeted radiotherapy of brain tumours | British Journal of Cancer
Cancer Council works with cancer doctors, specialist nurses or other relevant health professionals to ensure the medical information is reliable and up to date. Consumers also check the booklets to ensure they meet the needs of people with cancer. Before commencing any health treatment, always consult your doctor.