Sleeve includes a black and white 12 page cartoon storyboard drawn by Collins' brother Clive Collins. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 16 February LA Weekly. Los Angeles. Retrieved 24 July Retrieved 20 September The Virginian-Pilot. Daily Break section, p. Retrieved 11 August Phil Collins' soft-rock classic 'In the Air Tonight.
24 Negro Melodies, Op.59 (Coleridge-Taylor, Samuel)
Rolling Stone. Retrieved 19 October The Quietus. Retrieved 23 October Archived from the original on 17 March Backbeat Books. The Daily Telegraph. Genesis: Chapter and Verse. Martin's Griffin. Retrieved 11 November Retrieved 9 September Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original on 19 March Australian Chart Book — Illustrated ed.
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It looks like that extra finger would just get in the way! Over the years, I have learned to have fun with my handicap. I love watching the reaction of people when they become aware for the first time that I only have 3 fingers on my left hand. I take lessons at the university where I work, and as a result, it is treated like a class — complete with an exam at the end of each semester.
The exam consists of playing a couple of pieces before a panel of judges who grade you based on skill level and progress. The teacher I had those first few years used to delight in finding judges that did not know me. That same teacher told me in the beginning that he was determined to play my pieces with my fingerings so he could relate to what I was going through.
That worked fine in the beginning, but as I progressed and the pieces became more difficult, he finally gave up. Things were becoming too confusing. I greatly appreciate that first teacher. From the very beginning he treated me like any other student. Once I joined the chamber string orchestra I play with, there was a whole new set of people who had never seen my hand.
When I went in for my first seating audition, the conductor was watching me play my scale. He cocked his head to one side with a look of puzzlement. Then it dawned on me — you are missing a finger! Her parents later told me that she was very impress ed with my playing. I have found that, with determination, almost anyone can overcome difficulties in playing the violin. A weak pinky is only a hindrance if you let it be a hindrance. Keep on fiddling — no matter how many fingers you have! I just learned that I need to have the middle finger on my left hand amputated still unsure how far down , and my biggest concern is that I play the violin, and have for several years.
Did you play the violin prior to losing your finger? Or did you learn to play with three fingers from the get go? Where you you start in finding a teacher for this? Becca — I am sorry that it took so long to respond to your question. I am very sorry to hear that you will be losing your finger. That is a difficult situation for anyone but especially for a musician. I did play a little before the accident, but it was afterward that I got serious about it.
I taught myself with the use of books for the first few years. About 20 years ago, I found one person willing to take up the challenge and I have been taking lessons ever since. Since that time, I have had three different teachers, all have considered it a challenge. One of them says he uses me as an illustration for students who claim the music is too difficult.
I know a guy. Remember, half-steps are your best friend. If you have a run that calls for fingers 1, 2, 3, 4 and you are missing your number two finger, you will need to shift somewhere. If the half-step is numbers 2 and 3, then number your fingering as 1, 3, 3, 4. It is easier to shift that way and will be less noticable to a listener. These productions were also based on the "complete score," without incorporating Gershwin's revisions.
A semi-staged version of this production was performed at the Proms in The centennial celebration of the Gershwin brothers from — included a new production as well. It incorporated Gershwin's cuts made for the New York premiere, thus giving the audience an idea of what the opera sounded like on its Broadway opening. In October , its planned tour of the opera to Israel was criticised by Desmond Tutu. Although that was the title given to this production, the television adaptation of Nunn's production had also used it. For this new production, he adapted the lengthy opera to fit the conventions of musical theatre.
Working with the Gershwin and Heyward estates, Nunn used dialogue from the original novel and subsequent Broadway stage play to replace the recitatives with naturalistic scenes. He did not use operatic voices in this production, but relied on musical theatre actors as leads. Gareth Valentine provided the musical adaptation. Despite mostly positive reviews,  Nunn's production closed months early due to poor box office.
Fagbenle as Sportin' Life, and Cornell S. John as Crown. Following Trevor Nunn's latest production of the work, the ART Porgy was the second production initiated by the Gershwin and Heyward estates to adapt the opera for the musical theatre stage. Again spoken dialogue, here written by Parks, replaced the opera's sung recitatives. Prior to the opening, Paulus, Parks and Murray made statements to the press about the production's primary goal being to "introduce the work to the next generation of theatergoers". The production began previews on Broadway at the Richard Rodgers Theatre in December and officially opened on January 12, Early reviews of the show were positive to mixed.
All praised McDonald's performance of Bess, but critics were divided on the success of the adaptation, staging and setting. Some praised the intimate scale of the drama and the believability of the performances; others found the staging to be unfocused and the settings to lack atmosphere.
The production ran through September 23, The production was directed by Timothy Sheader , and also used the book adapted by Suzan-Lori Parks , and music adapted by Diedre Murray. With the exception of the small speaking roles, all of the characters are black. The opera begins with a short introduction which segues into an evening in Catfish Row. Jasbo Brown entertains the community with his piano playing. Clara, a young mother, sings a lullaby to her baby " Summertime " as the working men prepare for a game of craps "Roll them Bones". One of the players, Robbins, scorns his wife Serena's demands that he not play, retorting that on a Saturday night, a man has the right to play.
Clara's husband, the fisherman Jake, tries his own lullaby "A Woman is a Sometime Thing" with little effect. Little by little, other characters in the opera enter Catfish Row, among them Mingo, another fisherman, and Jim, a stevedore who, tired of his job, decides to give it up and join Jake and the other fishermen. Porgy, a disabled beggar, enters on his goat cart to organize the game. Peter, an elderly "honey man" [ clarification needed ] returns, singing his vendor's call. Crown, a strong and brutal stevedore, storms in with his woman, Bess, and buys cheap whiskey and some " Happy Dust " off the local dope peddler, Sportin' Life.
Bess is shunned by the women of the community, especially the pious Serena and the matriarchal cookshop owner Maria, but Porgy softly defends her. The game begins. One by one, the players get crapped out, leaving only Robbins and Crown, who has become extremely drunk. When Robbins wins, Crown attempts to prevent him from taking his winnings. A brawl ensues, which ends when Crown stabs Robbins with a cotton hook, killing him.
Crown runs, telling Bess to fend for herself but that he will be back for her when the heat dies down. Sportin' Life gives her a dose of happy dust and offers to take her with him when he goes to New York, but she rejects him. He flees, and Bess begins to pound on doors, but is rejected by all of the residents of Catfish Row, with the exception of Porgy, who lets her in.
The mourners sing a spiritual to Robbins "Gone, Gone, Gone". To raise money for his burial, a saucer is placed on his chest for the mourners' donations "Overflow". Bess enters with Porgy and attempts to donate to the burial fund, but Serena rejects her money until Bess explains that she is now living with Porgy. A white detective enters and coldly tells Serena that she must bury her husband the next day, or his body will be given to medical students for dissection.
Elijah, Op (Mendelssohn, Felix) - IMSLP/Petrucci Music Library: Free Public Domain Sheet Music
He suddenly accuses Peter of Robbins's murder. Peter denies his guilt and says Crown was the murderer. The Detective orders Peter to be arrested as a material witness , whom he will force to testify against Crown. Serena laments her loss in " My Man's Gone Now ". The undertaker enters. The saucer holds only fifteen dollars of the needed twenty-five, but he agrees to bury Robbins as long as Serena promises to pay him back.
Bess, who has been sitting in silence slightly apart from the rest of those gathered, suddenly begins to sing a gospel song and the chorus joyfully join in, welcoming her into the community. Jake and the other fishermen prepare for work "It take a long pull to get there". Clara asks Jake not to go because it is time for the annual storms, but he tells her that they desperately need the money. This causes Porgy to sing from his window about his new, happy-go-lucky outlook on life.
Sportin' Life waltzes around selling "happy dust", but soon incurs the wrath of Maria, who threatens him.
A fraudulent lawyer, Frazier, arrives and farcically divorces Bess from Crown. When he discovers Bess and Crown were not married, he raises his price from a dollar to a dollar and a half.
Archdale, a white lawyer, enters and informs Porgy that Peter will soon be released. The bad omen of a buzzard flies over Catfish Row and Porgy demands that it leave now that he finally has found happiness. He attempts to give her some "happy dust" despite her claims that she's given up drugs, but Porgy grabs his arm and scares him off. Sportin' Life leaves, reminding Bess as he goes that her men friends come and go, but he will be there all along.
The chorus re-enters in high spirits as they prepare to leave for the picnic "Oh, I can't sit down". Bess is invited to the picnic by Maria, but she demurs as Porgy cannot come due to his disability, he cannot get on the boat , but Maria insists. Bess leaves Porgy behind as they go off to the picnic. Porgy watches the boat leave "I got plenty o' nuttin" reprise. The chorus enjoys themselves at the picnic "I ain't got no shame". Sportin' Life presents the chorus his cynical views on the Bible " It Ain't Necessarily So " , causing Serena to chastise them "Shame on all you sinners!
Everyone gets ready to leave. As Bess, who has lagged behind, tries to follow them, Crown emerges from the bushes. He reminds her that Porgy is "temporary" and laughs off her claims that she has been living decently now. Bess wants to leave Crown forever and attempts to make him forget about her "Oh, what you want wid Bess?
He grabs her and will not let her go to the boat, which leaves without her, and then forcefully kisses her. He laughs at his conquest as her resistance begins to fail, and commands her to get into the woods, where his intentions are only too clear. A week later, Jake leaves to go fishing with his crew, one of whom observes that it looks as if a storm is coming in.
Peter, still unsure of his crime, returns from prison. Meanwhile, Bess is lying in Porgy's room delirious with fever, which she has had ever since returning from Kittiwah Island. Serena prays to remove Bess's affliction "Oh, Doctor Jesus" , and promises Porgy that Bess will be well by five o'clock. As the day passes, a strawberry woman, Peter the Honey Man and a crab man each pass by with their wares "Vendors' Trio". As the clock chimes five, Bess recovers from her fever.
Porgy tells Bess that he knows she has been with Crown, and she admits that Crown has promised to return for her. Porgy tells her she is free to go if she wants to, and she tells him that although she wants to stay, she is afraid of Crown's hold on her. Porgy asks her what would happen if there was no Crown, and Bess tells Porgy she loves him and begs him to protect her. Porgy promises that she will never have to be afraid again " I Loves You, Porgy ". Clara watches the water, fearful for Jake. Maria tries to allay her fears, but suddenly the hurricane bell begins to ring.
The residents of Catfish Row are all gathered in Serena's room for shelter from the hurricane. They drown out the sound of the storm with prayers and hymns "Oh, Doctor Jesus" while Sportin' Life mocks their assumption that the storm is a signal of Judgment Day. Clara desperately sings her lullaby "Summertime" [reprise]. A knock is heard at the door, and the chorus believes it to be Death "Oh there's somebody knocking at the door".
Crown enters dramatically, having swum from Kittiwah Island, seeking Bess. He shows no fear of God, claiming that after the long struggle from Kittiwah, God and he are friends. The chorus tries to drown out his blaspheming with more prayer, and he taunts them by singing a vulgar song. Suddenly, Clara sees Jake's boat float past the window, upside-down, and she runs out to try to save him, handing her baby to Bess. Bess asks that one of the men go out with her, and Crown taunts Porgy, who cannot go. Crown goes himself, yelling out as he leaves "Alright, Big Friend!
We're on for another Bout! A group of women mourn Clara, Jake, and all of those who have been killed in the storm "Clara, Clara, don't you be downhearted". When they begin to mourn for Crown as well, Sportin' Life laughs at them and is told off by Maria. He insinuates that Crown may not be dead, and observes that when a woman has a man, maybe she's got him for keeps, but if she has two men, then it's highly likely she'll end up with none.
Bess is heard singing Clara's lullaby to her baby, whom she is now taking care of. A fight ensues that ends when Porgy kills Crown. Porgy exclaims to Bess, "You've got a man now. You've got Porgy! The detective enters and talks with Serena and her friends about the murders of Crown and Robbins.
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They deny knowledge of Crown's murder, frustrating the detective. Needing a witness for the coroner's inquest, he next questions an apprehensive Porgy. Once Porgy admits to knowing Crown, he is ordered to come and identify Crown's body. Sportin' Life tells Porgy that corpses bleed in the presence of their murderers, and the detective will use this to hang Porgy. Porgy refuses to identify the body, but is dragged off anyway. Bess is distraught, and Sportin' Life puts his plan into action. He tells her that Porgy will be locked up for a long time, and points out that he is the only one still here.
He offers her happy dust, and though she refuses, he forces it on her. After she takes a whiff, he paints a seductive picture of her life with him in New York "There's a boat dat's leavin' soon for New York". She regains her strength and rushes inside, slamming the door on his face, but he leaves a packet of happy dust on her doorstep, and settles down to wait. On a beautiful morning, Porgy is released from jail, where he has been arrested for contempt of court after refusing to look at Crown's body.
He returns to Catfish Row much richer after playing craps with his cellmates. He gives gifts to the residents, and pulls out a beautiful red dress for Bess. He does not understand why everyone seems so uneasy at his return. He sees Clara's baby is now with Serena and realizes something is wrong.
He asks where Bess is.
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Porgy calls for his goat cart, and resolves to leave Catfish Row to find her. He prays for strength, and begins his journey. From the outset, the opera's depiction of African Americans attracted controversy.