They'll smoke a pipe and consume a lot of alcohol. Expect stock expressions to be used like "Ayyy, 't is true Instead of saying "my" , they will use "me" , for instance: "This is me house. They will be very fair-skinned, possibly freckled, and in flattering depictions, pretty hot in an ethereal sort of way. The most ancient stereotypes about Ireland show a country stuck in Celtic tradition. There are no major cities, only small farms and villages in green landscapes with lots of hills. All walls are made from stones simply stacked upon each other.
Celtic crosses will be seen everywhere. A horse-drawn caravan or covered wagon will be the only means of travel. The 19th century also brought several enduring stereotypes about Irishmen. They are all poor farmers with lots of sheep. Bad potato harvests made many of them migrate to the U. In the U. The fact that the Irish are more tied with their families than Americans or British may have created this stereotype. Irish cuisine will consist of nothing but bacon, corned beef with cabbage, and potatoes.
Corned beef and cabbage in particular is a cultural trait of Irish-Americans, learned from their Ashkenazi Jewish neighbors. Irish Priest : Irish people are often depicted as being devoutly Raised Catholic even though a large part of the population is also Protestant. Priests in popular culture may speak with an Irish accent as a result.
The Troubles between Catholics, Protestants, and their respective terrorist organisations I. This was especially true in the late half of the 20th century. Images of bomb attacks, protesters, and British soldiers patrolling through the streets were not uncommon. The eternal battle for independence has led to a lot of violence and bloodshed in the country over the years and the image that all Irish and Northern Irish hate the English. The Fair Folk : Ireland has a strong association with mythological folklore characters: leprechauns, dwarves, elves, pixies, fairies, goblins, and gnomes will often have an Irish accent.
When characters visit Ireland, these little fairy tale characters will usually make a cameo appearance, despite disbelief from the people who see them. Leprechauns in particular will hide a pot of gold near the end of a rainbow. This also tends to be represented when it comes to Irish and Irish American superheroes and supervillains; either their power will be explicitly magical in nature or if a mutation will still have a supernatural theme e. Sean Cassidy a. Irish folk music is world famous as well. A reference to U2 isn't uncommon, too. Irish literature is also internationally renowned.
Yeats to be made. Ireland is also the ideal location to make a limerick in Limerick, of course or to notice "It's a Long Way To Tipperary". Other dominant Irish stereotypes involve cops and mobsters In America, Irish immigrants can be stereotyped as menial laborers Another expression associated with Ireland is the idiom "luck of the Irish", which may sound cheerful, but it usually refers to "dumb luck" or even actual unluckiness. As you might expect the term wasn't thought up by the Irish themselves, but originated in 19th century California.
American miners noticed that several Irish immigrants managed to find more gold than they did, hence the term "luck of the Irish", which was another way of saying: "They couldn't have been clever enough to find gold in any other way than just stumble upon it accidentally". Italy A longstanding stereotype circulating among the Italians themselves stems from the longstanding rivalry between the Northern Italians and Southern Italians.
They're still used to call each other names like Polentoni "Polenta-bellies" and Terroni "Earth-grubbers". This particular mindset doesn't seem to be going away anytime soon. Italy is synonymous with style and for having beautiful countryside filled with picturesque villages, ancient Roman ruins, and olive groves.
The same goes for their equally stylish paintings, sculptures, architecture, poetry, novels, music, fashion, hair dressing, violins Stradivari , motors Vespa , and cars Ferrari, Lamborghini, Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Lancia Hairdressers will often be Italians. Bonus points if they are effeminate and sing the "Figaro" chorus from The Barber of Seville while working. It's awful to say but even mafiosi dress well in Italy. Italian cuisine is also renowned. Whenever a cook is depicted in popular culture, he's usually French or Italian. Italian cooks will usually be making food with lots of olives, tomatoes and pasta spaghetti, vermicelli, gnocchi, fettucine, linguine, macaroni, ravioli, tortellini, lasagna , salami, scampi, cannelloni, pesto, carbonara, pizza, tiramisu, chipolata, marzipan, pepperoni, panini, muscat, pistachio, tagliatelle, cannoli, risotto, minestrone, carpaccio, gelatine Of course, every meal will be served with wine chianti , grappa, martini, amaretto or some coffee capuccino, espresso The homely mother or grandmother the "nonna" who enjoys cooking for her family is often used in advertising.
Italian ice cream vendors are also a popular image. They will be selling fruity ice cream "gelato", "tartufo", "tutti frutti" in the street. Latin Lover : Just like France, the country is often associated with love and sex. The Casanova : An Italian man will often be presented as an arrogant, virile, cool, thuggish, macho Italian stallion who walks around with his shirt open to show his pectoral muscles and chest hair.
He is a smooth talker, open to flirtation, and an excellent lover, but generally unfaithful or uninterested in the needs of his female partner. These types of Italian men often drive around in large and beautiful cars. This is an especially popular stock character in romantic stories targeted at women. Not surprisingly: Giacomo Casanova was Italian. Italian women in modern works are always hot.
Note that this stereotype comes from The '60s , when the aforementioned actresses started taking roles in movies that made it to America and everything Italian was fashionable it was in the 60s that Italian film and Italian haute couture caught up with France. In older American works, Italian women are often stereotyped as hairy and nauseatingly unclean. See also: this Flash animation made by an Italian. The Italian language lends itself perfectly for singing. Countless musical terms are of Italian origin.
Opera : Since Italy is the birthplace of opera: expect Italian characters either going to an opera, star in one or just sing some famous opera arias. It gets to the point that every scene taking place in Italy or with Italians will have opera arias as background music, usually by Giuseppe Verdi Il Trovatore , La Traviata At worst, the background music will consist of mandolin sonatas Street musicians with an organ and a little monkey performing tricks are always Italians with curly black moustaches.
Italian theatre is best known for the Commedia dell'Arte and all the clown archetypes thereof. Italy's reputation for clowns and the circus is not so strange since both words are Italian in origin. Other Italian festivity images are the carnival for instance, the famous one in Venice , confetti and masquerades. In huge contrast with its reputation for beauty and sophistication Italy also has its fair share of negative stereotypes.
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Despite its status as a fashion mecca, Italian style is often spoofed amongst other Europeans as being quite gaudy and even tastelessly flashy at times. Males will often be presented as the cheesy Latin Lover , wearing a brightly colored shirt unbuttoned to the navel exposing a chest-rug you could lose a Fiat in, clanking with medallions , and spray-on ice-white jeans, whilst females will be overly made-up, with big Power Hair and dripping with large, gold jewellery.
This stereotype is equally prevalent in the US, thanks to their American descendants, and is summed up perfectly by some of the cast of Jersey Shore. Italians Talk with Hands : The world of Opera has led to Italy's association with melodramatic behaviour. They will usually talk loud, very fast, gesticulate a lot and start intense discussions about the most trivial topics.
They will either cry and crave for their "mamma" or lose their temper and start a fight. Their fanaticism is so proverbial that Italian hooligans even have a special name: "tifosi". A common trait in media is that Italians just don't shut the hell up. Advice given during WWII to Allied soldiers occupying Italy said at certain point: "Never race an Italian by any means and with any kind of motor vehicle". Probably false, but the stereotype endures, and, as Italian Tropers will confirm, true. Italians have the stereotype that any nation not having a bidet in every bathroom is horribly unclean.
But for instance, no Italian restaurants except some luxury ones have the bidet in their facilities, and many Italian males simply never use theirs but pretend that's impossible to live without. Italy still has a reputation for being chaotic and disorganized. It took until the 19th century before Giuseppe Garibaldi and Camillo Benso di Cavour finally united all the different regions and city-states into one nation. Ironically enough The Mafia seems to be the only well-organized thing in Italy.
Italy also has a centuries old reputation for bloodshed, corruption, political intrigues and decadence. Feuding Families : Numerous families have murdered people for some Honor-Related Abuse in an endless Cycle of Revenge for stuff that happened centuries ago. Especially Sicily is notorious for this. Bread and Circuses and Gladiator Games : In the Roman Empire , gladiators fought and killed each other in arenas for amusement of the common people. Prisoners would be thrown for the lions, too, and it was also common for large, aggressive animals like lions, bulls and bears to be pitted against each other.
Political intrigues have been a staple of Italian politics since the Roman Empire. Ax-Crazy , power hungry and decadent emperors massacred and tortured their opponents by the score, before being murdered themselves. Since Italian politics have been a disorganized cess pool of corruptness, conspiracies, unsolved murders, Mafia intrigues, sex scandals, secret organizations , schemes and governments falling as a result of that. Benito Mussolini is also yet another example of an almost cartoony Italian despot. The Mafia : The most infamous negative association Italy has to offer.
Criminal gangs existed for centuries, but really started to blossom and evolve in the organized crime networks we know today during the 19th and 20th century. The Mafia is so engrained in Italian society, especially in Sicily, that it's difficult to entangle and destroy them without making some powerful enemies. In popular culture Italians will often be stereotyped as mafiosi.
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It's a topic most people don't want to talk about, but at the same time it really wrecks their country, the old pittoresque villages in ruinous state being just one example of how the maffia makes sure that proper restoration of those buildings is never carried out. Vigilante Man : it is part of the Italian mentality to take justice in one's own hands and avenge torts true or perceived doesn't matter. In fact, the Italian language even has a special word for it, giustiziere , that derives from the Italian word for justice.
Ironically, despite their bloody history, Italians have a reputation for sucking at warfare, or at least being very cowardly. Italian tanks are popularly supposed to have three forward gears and seventeen reverse gears; the slimmest book in the world is apparently 'The Italian book of War Heroes ; and British people in particular will point to newsreel film of Italian soldiers surrendering by the tens of thousand as proof that whatever they're good at, it's not fighting.
This stereotype is most mercilessly realized in the manga Axis Powers Hetalia with the Anthropomorphic Personification of Italy, who is portrayed as utterly useless to his fellow Axis members, Germany and Japan — the very word "Hetalia" being a contraction for "Useless Italy". In fact, anyone dealing in person with Italian soldiers would have two things to say: their high-ranking officers were as bad as their reputation something the Italians themselves would agree on , but the soldiers, when motivated, were brave to the point of folly.
Italians are often depicted speaking with a heavy accent in which the schwa is inserted after consonant-final words into their speech, leading to sentences like "I ain't-a gonna make-a pasta no more! Examples are the Mario Bros. Also add some stock phrases like "Mamma mia", "Vaffanculo!
When Italian men aren't depicted as young sex symbols they will be middle aged men with curly black hair and equally curly moustaches.
In American media, all Italians are Sicilians, and all Sicilians have black hair, brown eyes, and olive skin. Very much not Truth in Television , at least when it comes to the real Sicily or Italy, for that matter. This trope is so pervasive that when Turner Media colorized a bunch of old black-and-white movies featuring Frank Sinatra , they gave him brown eyes. For those wondering, Sinatra's best-known nickname was "Ol' Blue Eyes". Any street scene in Italy will show nuns, priests, religious processions or The Pope at one point. If a scene takes place in Italy, it will be either Rome to visit the Colosseum or the Trevi fountain , Venice so that characters can take a boat ride or join the Carnival , Pompeii for the Roman ruins or Pisa just to see the Leaning Tower or a small pictoresque Italian village usually in Tuscany complete with an Olive Garden and vineyards.
When a scene takes place in Sicily some mafia members will turn up. A balcony with a veranda in a villa, near a piazza with some frescoes will also provide an Italian atmosphere. The exception is definitely the brilliantly freaky bondage-fiend Voldo from the Soul Series , a native of Palermo, who provides a rather excellent subversion. Italians do strongly believe that everybody envies their easy life, good weather, low cost of living, sea and snowy mountains by the step. So when Italians fail at something on a international scale sports, war Italians also have stereotypes for each other, with northern Italians seeing southern Italians as deadbeat parasites and criminals, and the southern Italians regarding northern Italians as moronic, Fascist rednecks.
Italians from the Emilia Romagna region are historically stereotyped as godless Dirty Communists. Ironically, Benito Mussolini was from there even though he DID start out as a socialist before well, inventing Fascism. Indeed, that's where the word "sardonic" actually comes from. To the average Italian, Sardinia is generally viewed either as a nice place to go on vacation where there are beautiful beaches, or as a frightening, faraway, place where people are sent when they are no longer useful or did something very wrong. Worth noting that the same Italian doesn't mind about how the island is treated, anyway, since he regards it not without reason to be a place that is not quite Italian, but close enough.
Reassigned to Antarctica : Back in the '60s, there was even a common saying for people that really screwed up on their job: ti sbatto in Sardegna! Out of sight, out of mind. Due to the strong connotation of the word, the Italians decided to pick another one, Sardegna from the Catalan Sardenya , when they were eventually given the island. Strange-Syntax Speaker : even when speaking Italian, Sardinians may put the verbs at the end of the sentence due to the structure of their original language, which makes large use of SOV syntax.
Other common stereotypes involve Sardinians being extremely loyal to their own island, introverted, melancholic , touchy, cold and leery of any strangers in the area. All these stereotypes are somewhat Truth in Television : Sardinia has long been an agricultural and pastoral society, that used to stay away from the coastal areas almost always under foreign rule. Thus, it is common knowledge that in order to peer into the "true" Sardinian essence, one should visit the sparsely populated villages located in the inner land especially the Barbagia region , not taking into consideration the far more italianized and populated coastal towns where the people have a number of different backgrounds and ancestries, mostly Spanish and Italian.
Much like the relationship between Scotland and its Highlands. With the exception of the Nuragic era, Sardinia has been one of the most isolated bodies of land in Europe. Sardinians usually call people from the Italian mainland "Continentals", like the Brits do when referring to mainland Europe. Sardinians are generally known for their hospitality, in spite of the fact that this was used as a means to keep a close eye on outsiders, regarded as potential enemies. During World War I , the Sassari brigade raised completely in Sardinia was nicknamed "devils" by the enemy.
They took it in stride, with their anthem Dimonios meaning "Devils" in Sardinian being a long Badass Boast. The Sardinian language Sardu is not a dialect of Italian but a totally separate language, and during World War I the Italians used Sardinian radio operators speaking in their first language because few other people on their own side and nobody on the other side could understand them, so having the enemy listening on the radio didn't matter.
Nowadays, because of the assimilation policies Sardinian is a critically endangered language: therefore, nowadays many Sardinians don't even understand their own language! Sardinia had an infamous reputation for its local banditry called by journalists anonima sarda or anonima sequestri , which ended only in the s: rich Italian businessmen were often kidnapped, never to be found again.
However, contrary to popular belief, the crime rate in Sardinia is surprisingly low now that there are no more bandits left. A negative stereotype associated with Sardinians is their relative weakness against the invaders due to a lack of organization and unity among themselves: this conception was first spread by a Spanish viceroy, describing the islanders as "few, mad and badly united" pocos, locos y mal unidos. Proved false when the French tried to invade and were summarily beaten back. Bestiality Is Depraved : another longstanding stereotype circulating among Italians is Sardinians' strange fondness for sheep.
In Sardinia, there are approximately three times more sheep than there are human beings! Sicily The most famous — or infamous — Italian island, mostly notorious for the dominating presence of The Mafia. Apart from the capital Palermo everyone who read or saw The Godfather knows that Don Corleone was born in the Sicilian village Corleone. The island is also well known for its volcanoes with Mount Etna and Mount Stromboli as the most recognizable ones.
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The beaches of Palermo, Catania, Syracuse and Ragusa are favourite tourist destinations. Historically it's also known for the Sicilian Vespers , a revolt against the French occupation. Vatican City Somewhat of a subtrope of Italy — there can be some substantial overlap, especially in historical works even though the last three popes — and, of course, the first — were not Italian. Internationally, the Vatican is known for only two things: The Pope and the Sistine Chapel, where the ceiling was painted by Michelangelo Buonarroti. Corrupt Church : In popular culture, the Vatican will be depicted as a Wretched Hive of political and criminal intrigues.
For being the smallest state in the world, it holds more power than one would expect. It is adept at operating behind the scenes by providing spies, assassins, and Mafia accomplices and diplomats that will manipulate governments across the entire globe. Its members will be more interested in temporal power and luxury than true spiritual well-being.
Also huge supporters of Nazi and Fascist dictatorships. They also hide ancient manuscripts full of secrets that could harm their reputation. Hiding Behind Religion : Since the Vatican is notoriously secretive about their bureaucracy, treasury, and especially their archives, this has led to many fantastical speculations about what actually isn't permitted to see daylight? In popular culture, the palace will be shown as a hotbed of sexual deviancy.
Despite the proclaimed chastity of its members, there will be papal mistresses, closet homosexuals, orgies of priests and nuns, bastard children rising to high office. Especially in works set before the 20th century, this is a popular trope. In more modern works, the deviancy tends to be restricted to pedophilia. There are generally a few truly noble priests who take their spiritual responsibilities seriously and work to fight the overall atmosphere of corruption. They can be lowly functionaries, or they can be as high up as the pope, but they are always in the minority.
In the end they will usually be persecuted or poisoned. A hundred years after their death, they are named saints. Liechtenstein A mini state mostly known as tax haven and for the export of false teeth. Luxembourg The most common stereotype associated with this country is that it's almost never stereotyped, due to the fact that is so small and easily overlooked or forgotten. If it is shown, it will presented as nothing more than a boring village full of bored-looking people surrounded by empty fields. The unique fact that it's a Grand Duchy is the only thing it's internationally famous for.
Yet, just like the Swiss, Luxembourgers are known to be the bankers of Europe.
They have similar banking secrecy laws too, giving it both a reputation as a tax haven and a place for white washing illegal money. Luxembourgers speak French, German and the dialect variation Luxembourgish, making it somewhat of a mini-version of its already small neighbour, Belgium. Another thing Luxembourg is famous for is the fact that they are part of the Benelux, together with Belgium and the Netherlands. During the s, s, and s European radio listeners knew it for Radio Luxembourg , one of the few radio stations that played rock music in a time none of the other European stations did.
Its signal was so strong that it reached many other European countries, including the United Kingdom. Malta Best known for its knights, The Maltese Falcon and Italian comic book character Corto Maltese who was born there, according to the comics. Monaco Since Monaco is a Principality, and its famous royal family features in many tabloid stories, people seem to assume that it's a glamorous place, which it can be, but generally only for the supremely rich.
It's actually incredibly built-up and crowded, and doing Monaco on the cheap is simply not possible. Sports fans know Monaco for the annual Grand Prix tournament, and if Monaco is depicted in popular culture, characters are always in a casino, on a yacht, or on the racetrack. The Netherlands. The Netherlands The Netherlands is often referred to as "Holland" , while this is actually only two of the country's twelve provinces. Note that even some Dutch people will refer to it this way in English, mostly because it's easier to say and more recognizable. The country has a strong association with the color orange.
This is based on the last name of their nation's founder William the Silent, aka William of Orange.
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During national festivities Dutch streets will literally look orange as a result. Even the Dutch soccer team plays in orange shirts. Land of Tulips and Windmills : Dutchmen and women are often depicted wearing clogs, carrying cheese and walking around in tulip fields with many wind mills, " grachten ", and cows in the background. All women are blond milk maids with pigtails. Huge dikes protect the Dutch from floods, as depicted in the popular story about Hans Brinker, or The Silver Skates which is in fact an American story and not a real-life Dutch incident.
It goes without saying that all these images are extremely out-dated today. If you see Dutchmen and women dressed in these farmer outfits today it's only as part of a tourist attraction.
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All Dutch people eat nothing but ham, cheese or chocolate spread sandwiches, and drink nothing but milk or fruit juice. They will also consume soused herring by tilting their head backwards and slowly lowering the fish into their mouths. Water is perhaps the Netherlands' most prominent trademark. For centuries this completely flat country is in many places lower than the sea level, thus causing major flood disasters up until It also explains its name "Nederland" : "neder" is an archaic word for something that's low or down to the ground.
After the major flood of , where many people drowned, the Dutch government created an ambitious and unique project called The Delta Works , where dams, sluices, locks, dykes, levees and storm slurge barriers were built to succesfully put a stop to these continuous floods. It's one of the most amazing engineering projects ever created. Water is so much a part of the landscape in the Netherlands that even tourists notice it. Rivers, brooks, "grachten" and the sea itself made it necessary for Dutchmen to make boats. Just like the English there is a tradition of being sailors and mariners.
There have been many historically famous Dutch admirals, sea captains, pirates, colonials and explorers. Until late in the 20th century Rotterdam was one of the largest ports in the world and today it still is the largest in Europe. Free State Amsterdam : A more modern view of the Netherlands depicts the people as drug addicts who smoke marijuana while the streets are full of brothels, cannabis coffee shops and prostitutes. This stereotype is based on the more liberal attitudes towards soft drugs, sexuality, LGBTQ rights and prostitution, compared with other countries. In reality most cannabis coffee shops and prostitution are found in Amsterdam.
In other parts of the country they exist too, but mostly in big cities and border towns. Hard drugs are as illegal in the Netherlands as elsewhere in the world. Illegal drug and human trafficking are punishable offences, especially regarding minors. Even kids' shows!
For centuries, the Netherlands was called a "tolerant nation". Indeed, since the 17th century, many foreign refugees have fled to the Netherlands, because there people didn't mind about other people's beliefs. After the war, the country successfully managed to restore its reputation and for decades it tolerated many things that are considered illegal or controversial in other countries.
In they became the second country in the world to decriminalize homosexuality after France in In Dutch television were the first to show a nude woman on live TV, twice in a row even. In they became the first country to allow same-sex couples to apply for unregistered cohabitation, expanded to a registered partnership bill in and legalizing same-sex marriage in In they became the first country to legalize prostitution and in euthanasia.
Still feeling ashamed about the Netherlands' huge contribution to the The Holocaust , it made talking about problems with immigrants a taboo subject. This changed in , when far-right politician Pim Fortuyn was assassinated because of his controversial ideas for a stricter immigration policy. The first political murder in the Netherlands since the 17th century came as a huge shock to the Dutch people and caused them to re-evaluate the policy towards tolerance, especially in the field of immigration.
Since Fortuyn's murder and the murder of controversial film director Theo van Gogh in by a muslim extremist, more radical and sometimes racist opinions about immigration, prohibition, and the freedom of speech have become more outspoken in the Netherlands. The Dutch even started to question their stance for decriminalization of soft drugs.
In Europe, Dutch people are often depicted as being arrogant and bluntly direct know-it-alls. They talk loud and are very opinionated about every topic. Instead of remaining discreet about it, to spare other people's feelings, or at least discuss it in a polite, tactful manner, they simply shout out what's on their mind, insulting everybody. Just like the Scottish, they are known to be thrifty about money "Hollandse zuinigheid" , meaning "Dutch frugality". All Belgian jokes about Dutchmen target their thriftiness. In the English language "dutch treat" means splitting the bill—as does "going dutch" on a date.
However, the term "dutch treat" , as well as many other terms, were invented by the English during the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the 17th century. The term "dutch treat" owes less to "Dutch people are thrifty" and more to "Dutch people are scum. Ironically enough, for being so infamously thrifty, Dutchmen do know how to conduct business. For centuries, Dutch merchants were among the shrewdest and richest businessmen in the world.
During the 17th century nicknamed "De Gouden Eeuw" "The Golden Age" in the Netherlands , they were the only country in the world where most of the population led a wealthy, prosperous, and peaceful life, without being occupied by other countries. Historians even see it as the first modern capitalist state. Even in later centuries, Dutch people remained well-known for being merciless and tough marketing geniuses, able to exploit anything for a huge price. Colonel Parker, manager of Elvis Presley , was Dutch and literally embodies this stereotype!
Dutch art is world famous and has produced some iconic and instantly recognizable artists. Painters like Hieronymus Bosch , M. Escher and Piet Mondriaan, for instance. Especially the way they portrayed light, nicknamed Hollands licht Dutch light , has been analyzed countless times.
The only other equally iconic Dutch painter is Vincent van Gogh : the archetypical unappreciated suffering artist. Dutch architecture and typography has also been influential, especially the 20th century movements De Stijl and De Nieuwe Zakelijkheid. The Netherlands also have a strong cabaret tradition. Comedians telling jokes and singing songs in theatres are still popular to this day. In other parts of Europe cabaret is near-dead in comparison. Many Dutch cabaretiers have become iconic even in Flanders, Belgium. Dutchmen are also known for being ubiquitous tourists, and have a penchant for caravans.
The country is also associated with biking and bicycle tourism. While not uncommon in other nations too, the Dutch use this vehicle far more often than other European countries. Even Dutch Prime Ministers and the queen have been seen biking to their office in broad daylight. Another sport closely associated with the Netherlands is ice skating. Dutchmen have won countless gold medals in this discipline. The Belgian singer Jacques Brel once said that: "Dutch isn't a language, it's a throat disease".
Dutch does indeed involve a lot of noises from the back of the throat, therefore a popular stereotype is that Dutch consists of nothing but these sounds. The word "ja, ja, ja" "yes, yes, yes" will be uttered non-stop as well. The Dutch are stereotypically tall. Throughout the 20th century in most so-called advanced countries, due to better nutrition and medical care, the average height increased; about in the s, in most of these countries people stopped getting taller and started to get wider, to the extent that most of these countries have serious obesity problems; the Dutch, however, keep getting taller.
Portugal Often confused with Spaniards and thus a lot of the Spanish stereotypes will also be applied to them. Which is something they don't like. Portuguese are generally known as explorers, thanks to Vasco da Gama — the first to travel around Africa and actually reach India- Henry the Navigator — who financed many Portuguese martitime expeditions — Bartolomeo Dias — the first to sail around the southern tip of Africa and reach the Indian Ocean from the Atlantic — Pedro Alvares Cabral — who discovered Brazil — and Ferdinand Magellan — who was the first to circumnavigate across the entire globe.
References to their wine "porto" , Fado music, or sardines are also typical, as are their beaches. Portugal suffered under a dictatorship from to AFP N othing seems to have changed in the 16 years since the three-judge Supreme Court Bench headed by the late Justice JS Verma who also chaired the three-member government panel to suggest criminal law amendments post the December 16 Delhi gang-rape delivered a landmark verdict in the Vishaka case.
The case filed by several social activists sought justice for a Rajasthan-based social worker who had been gang-raped by upper caste men for trying to question societal stereotypes against women. The apex court ruled that the employers would have to provide complaint committees to help women report harassment and come out with policies to prevent the vitiation of work environment. In the Tejpal case, the managing editor of Tehelka, Shoma Chaudhary, to whom the victim wrote an email detailing the two instances of sexual assault in an elevator, is on the wrong side of the law as she failed to intimate the case to the police, which has since booked Tejpal for rape and aggravated sexual assault and is likely to book her for trying to cover up matters.
This position has been repeatedly upheld by the Supreme Court. Conspiracy of silence The fact that Phaneesh Murthy, the first Indian CEO to be sacked on a charge of sexual misconduct at workplace, progressed despite his alleged history of sexual misdemeanours raises questions about equitability and transparency claims of the IT industry. NASSCOM, which has 1, member companies engaged in IT, has no centralised database of the nature of complaints made by women employees, though they say all their member firms have complaint redress mechanisms.
Ground checks, however, reveal a different story. Women working in the technology sector have meanwhile developed their own protection mechanisms. We try and keep off them. Corporate bosses practice unstated solidarity with each other when it comes to these things. Statistics show women make up 40 per cent of the workforce in IT firms. That said redress mechanisms in the corporate world have often come under question. The NCW, which alone maintains some kind of data on sexual harassment at workplaces, says they encounter scores of harassment cases involving women from the IT world.
Charu Khanna, NCW member. All private employers must draft proper service rules elaborating upon the kind of disciplinary or other proceedings which people accused of sexual harassment will attract. These rules should be part of recruitment contracts. The victim lost her job while the perpetrator was promoted.
We hear horrendous cases of harassment. While we have a law in place, we do not yet have the rules. The draft rules the Ministry of Women and Child Development have circulated for comments on the new law makes the procedures very complicated for women. The rules require saying things on oath, giving advance notices to respondents, giving copies of the statement to various stakeholders. These procedures defeat the purpose of the law which seeks to keep the complaint mechanisms simple for the victim.
PTI T ejpal could be instantly booked for rape thanks to the enhanced definition under the reworked criminal amendment law passed by Parliament earlier this year. While the punishment for rape under the new law is minimum seven years of rigorous imprisonment, that for aggravated assault is a minimum of 10 years up to the rest of the natural life of the accused.
The crime of disrobing attracts rigorous imprisonment between three and seven years. While the anti-rape law is clear on how the police should progress in cases of sexual assault, it is hazy on what a victim should do in case she has suffered a graver offence. In the Tejpal case, Shoma Chaudhary failed to intimate the police and decided that his self imposed six-month sabbatical from work was good enough. I complained in A committee was set up, but it comprised my juniors. After years of struggle and five commissions later, all I managed in was an unconditional apology from this man.
The apology came with a rider that I withdraw my complaint, which I did. I lost two promotions while my perpetrator and my juniors were promoted. I was not given details of the department promotion committee meetings despite directions by the Central Information Commission. I petitioned the then Power Minister Sushilkumar Shinde but got no help. Ultimately, I applied for a job in another department and moved out. I was discouraged by my women colleagues and got threats. Laws remain only on papers. Sometimes he would be seated too close for comfort. Once he called our senior home.
She was shocked to see him in underpants. The victims petitioned the NCW and he was transferred. Workplace: Delhi University College Women teachers at a college complained to Delhi University about certain senior male teachers commenting on their undergarments, discussing with them their menstrual cycle and sometimes the delivery of their female relatives.
The NCW is investigating the complaint.
Simpson made headlines after a dramatic police chase. Simpson was arrested and accused of murdering his wife Nicole Simpson, and the trial was widely televised. He was eventually acquitted of the murder charges, but opinions about his innocence or guilt divided the public for years. Compare the representation of Simpson on these two covers.
On the other hand, consider how often the complexion of Black performers and models are often lightened:. Debate erupted about whether Rihanna had been airbrushed to appear whiter on the November cover of British Vogue magazine. The uprising, however, was also a revolt against indentured servitude, which affected both poor white Europeans and Africans; and this alarmed the ruling class, as well as the royals back in Britain who were invested in the productivity of their colonies, as continuing rebellion had the potential to rob them of their new-found, labor, capital, and resources.
In , during the height of the Civil Rights movement in the U. She repeated the experiment in her classroom each year for three years. The column was eventually cancelled. How in the world do these two things coexist? It is a society where violence is seen as sexy and sexuality as violent. In a rape culture, women perceive a continuum of threatened violence that ranges from sexual remarks to sexual touching to rape itself.
A rape culture condones physical and emotional terrorism against women as the norm. In a rape culture both men and women assume that sexual violence is a fact of life, inevitable. Meaning the idea of rape or sexual assault — especially when we consider the continuum of what counts as sexual assault e. From examining the images above, date rape is often a commonplace and acceptable joke in American popular culture. So what does this normalization of the violation of another human being say about our actual attitudes about sexual assault? Not insignificantly, Senator Aikin sat on the Science Committee in the House of Representatives at the time he made these comments…the science committee.
As of , according to the Department of Justice , the definition is:. One of the ads from Control Tonight. To go to the root. Well, rapists for starters.